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History Proofreading on Level the Playing Field (Proofreading Sample)




Level the Playing Field
Eric Brown
Week 2 Written Assignment
Grantham University
Level the Playing Field
In commerce, a level playing field is a concept about fairness, all play by the same set of rules. To start with the Executive Order (EO) 11246 which was enacted by the government as a means to remedy, to eliminate discrimination against, and to equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment (“Affirmative Action”, 2014). Over the past decades, the Department of Labor has made many improvements to enable changes for fair treatment among workers and the minorities in the sectors of employees. These changes and advancements provide crucial impacts on the living standards of the people in the States and show steps made over the past.
These Executive Orders goes back to the days of President Roosevelt, when he signed EO 8802 that outlawed racial discrimination, creed, and national origin in the federal government and defense industries. The FDR’s EO signed into a bill in an attempt to readdressing the discrimination of the minorities despite the earlier enactment of civil rights movements and human rights made by the constitution.
The phrase “Affirmative Action”, first coined by President Kennedy, when he signed EO 10925 on March 6, 1961 (Department of Labor, n.d.). President Kennedy’s order required the government contractors to take necessary actions in ensuring that all applicants employed and treated without any form of discriminations. Four years down the line, the new president, Johnson, made yet another executive order, when signed the EO 11246 into law and made the Secretaries of Labor empowered with proper enforcement of authority to ensure that equal opportunities to minorities in federal contractors. The recruitment process included hiring, training, and other areas of employment (Department of Labor, n.d.) To this day, the EO 11246 after some amending, still the driving force behind the governing of rights of workers employed by federal contractors.
In 2014, President Obama signed EO 13665, well known as the “Pay Secrecy” or “Pay Transparency” (Schuman, Henninger, & Parker, 2016).This new order further amended EO 11246 and it applied to federal contractors and subcontractors. Besides, it ensured that women received equal pay as well. President Obama in ensuring equal opportunities, later signed EO 13672 just three months later, which prohibited federal contractors and subcontractors from discrimination of sexual orientation or gender identity.
“Has affirmative action been consistently and effectively used to create a more robust and productive workforce? Basing my argument with a support from the Adam Kielich’s article, entitled” Does Employment Discrimination Still Occur in the Workplace’’. The article shows that still element of discriminations exist and they just take new forms to challenge people that discrimination eliminated. In fact, he states that sometimes people are unaware of the effect their actions have on other, and still there others that find it difficult to treat others with respect are in existence. Surely, affirmative action has made great impacts and advancements to the minorities in employment and education sectors. Besides, there have also changes in public transportation and fair housing as the affirmative action take shape in States.
The question still needs to be answered is, has the affirmative action been consistent and effective in creation of a more robust and productive workforce? I would have to say yes, it has and in many ways. Consider the appointment of Condoleezza Rice as the first black woman to serve as the US Secretary of State as well as the first black woman to serve on the US national advisor is a clear indication of affirmative action in action. Furthermore, there several advancements in affirmative action in place; for instance, President Barack Obama was elected as...
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  • Diversity and Discrimination
    Description: The task was to proofread the essay and correct grammatical errors and check for plagiarism...
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