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Social Conflict Theory (Research Paper Sample)


in depth research paper on the social conflict theory of Convict Criminology to include the theories of Ian Ross and Stephen Richards written in APA format to include the references


Social Conflict Theory
Criminology is the study of nature, degree, control, and prevention of behavior that exist in individual and society (Sanders, Young & Burton, 2010). The fundamental criminology and it modern growth, which include feminist, critical, postmodernism, and peacemaking criminology all aims at restoring justice in the society. Further, through this they form perfect approach to ending inequality witnessed globally among the political and economical disadvantaged people. Similarly, convict criminology falls under the newly emerging studies in the field of criminology. It is defined as a body of scripting and rumination, which is more concerned on the issues connecting to criminology by convicted offenders and ex-inmates who bear academic credential. Sometimes, this field is regarded to as the ‘New School of Convict Criminology’. It started in 1990, in USA. However, globally, it is currently used by many countries in criminology as driven by social context aiming at developing conflict theory. However, not forgetting that this is bearing in mind the sophisticated nature of social certainty and the prevalence of inequality, which changes gears to conservative mode. In USA, millions of young, minorities, poor are held in close bar for minor convictions (Murphy et al, 2010). This has resulted to numerous policies, which have been proven futile. Nonetheless, Ian and Stephen experience lead to conviction of criminology theory. This research paper focuses on social conflict theory in line with convict criminology as alleged by Ian Ross and Stephen Richards in connection to society and criminal justice system.
The concept social conflict theory
To begin with, social conflict theory is a universal theory. It primarily focuses on numerous components of the society that affect people. It takes different shape that ranges from race, gender, power, social economic factors among many. However, the occurrence of such nature is conspicuous in a society that bears a wide gap, in terms of unequal distribution of power and resources. As such, this results to the strong powerful groups using the authority they posses for their personal gain thus exploiting the poor weak in the community. They execute this using two channels; the police authorized to provide security to everyone irrespective of his or her status and money matters. Further, the supreme group usually uses their authority to create rules that give them the larger share thus, victimizing marginalized counterpart. As such, oppression is the leading cause of conflict in the society. According to Marx, human account is covered by conflict, which results to the rich and stronger exploiting the poor and weak. It is believed that money is the root cause of conflict. For instance, in a private learning institution some bosses enquires for more from students and in turn give less to workers. This is just but a few cases in the world of business, where senior exploit junior with an aim of maximizing profit. Hence, social conflict theory explains that the society that is based on capitalism stands high possibility of intermingling in a destructive way. However, collective organization of affected society is the solution to this problem (HYPERLINK ",+Gavin/$N?accountid=38376" \o "Click to search for more items by this author"Kitching, 2000).
Social conflict theory of convict criminology
In USA, crime, murder, rape, violence, and illicit drug are some of the most crucial problems facing the country. This trend has seen numerous people confined behind bars. However, social conflict theory is employed in many cases as a way of connecting micro-social context to crime. The theory holds that there are numerous people situated in low-income social class, disarranged neighborhoods, low-income families, and moderately politically powerless places. Moreover, in USA, there are numerous people lying in either of this category of many. These result from population growth and high levels of migration. Further, the scarcity in well paying jobs has rendered many people unemployed. Moreover, due to this trend, many people disregard education for manual work. Hence, become uneducated lot that is subjected to poverty. This forces people in this area to search for alternative ways of meeting there end meat.
The likely hood of engaging in crime, violence, and drug in a community that is disarranged is high and politically marginalized is high. Further, lack of suitable community identity and presence of numerous unfinished buildings in a society is the root cause of crime reason and area respectively. This is an indication of undefined political influence to clean up the area. Further, security men and women in such area could be sleeping on their job. Hence, putting an offender facing such situation is not a permanent solution. As such, this call for key developments, upgrade residents of disorganized neighborhoods, and understanding the existing feeling of hopelessness. On the other hand, researches have shown that drug use is a leading catalyst that fuel crime. Moreover, it is clear to many that the struggle for area to sell drug and related conflicts in drugs results to clash that fuels crime. Moreover, some of them do so for influential reasons. However, despite the cause of drug use, most people develop a tendency of addiction. In case of such conviction, the best option introduces a model that analysis individual consumption of drug using social control factors. All the aforementioned factors indicate why crime is high is marginalized area that calls for more actions other than imprisonment (HYPERLINK ",+Celia+C/$N?accountid=38376" \o "Click to search for more items by this author"Lo, 2003).
In most countries, social conflict exhibit in terms of racism. This is defined as actions, beliefs, social as well as political system based in a way that perceive human in term of race. This concept is characterized by characteristic, abilities, qualities, and belief, which defines whether a certain race falls under either superior or inferior group in the society. Further, this defines how members of different tribes may be treated. Picture this; the word crime is not used to mean worst actions committed resulting to suffering of other. However, in America, it is term reserved for risky actions committed by the poor black. For instance, murder translates to a murderer while accident and calamity means work of an unfriendly power. Similarly, in 1995, sentencing strongly affected younger black American. Most prisons registered a higher number of black compared to white. This was a show of how the government underrated black family. Further, during this...
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