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3 pages/≈825 words
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APA
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Research Paper
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Does the design provide a means to examine all of the objectives, questions, or hypotheses and the study purpose? (Research Paper Sample)

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3 page 1 Source APA Topic:critique You will read/critique an Article by answering some questions. INSTRUCTIONS Please make sure to answer these questions paragraph by paragraph based on the numbers ( ie A, b C etc) and use APA reference on every single question ie use APA format citation at every question and separate each answered questions. Questions are numbered A, B, C, D, E and F This is an example of how I want you to answer the questions and cite them a) Problem statement and purpose statement: The problem statement is, “Over the years obesity has steadily increased among adolescent and young adults. Furthermore, 40% of obese children and 70% of obese adolescents will become obese adults... In this study, it is proposed that stress, sleep quality, loneliness, and self-esteem are holistic indicators associated with self-rated health status for young adult women with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above, which indicates obese status… The psychosocial variables of perceived stress, sleep quality, loneliness and self-esteem have not been studied as a cluster of variables in a sample of young adult women with a BMI of 30” (Smith, Theeke, Culp, Clark, & Pinto, 2014, pp. 67-69). The purpose statement is, “The purpose of this study was to describe relationships among psychosocial variables and self-rated health status in a sample of obese young adult women” (Smith et al, 2014, p. 68). b) Significance and relevance to nursing This study could possibly have significance and relevance to nursing if the modality of the study is appropriate and consistent with the purpose and problem. Smith et al (2014) mentions that obesity is on the rise with our youth, and that obesity has been associated with poor self-rated health, as well as these psychosocial variables (stress, sleep quality, loneliness, and self-esteem) being negatively impacted by obesity when noting various studies in the ROL. If this is a consistent finding, then this would have significant relevance to nursing. It would be imperative for nurses to assess these psychosocial variables using self-rated health with women having a BMI of 30, to improve the health outcomes of this population (Smith et al, 2014). Assignment Use the article provided, answer the following questions using all the guidelines that I provided. Quantitative Study Critique – Access the article that I provided and use the Guidelines for Critique to complete the assignment: Review the article carefully, and then use the assignment rubric to critique each component of the research study (A B C D E and F) Do not use the abstract for any of the critique components. If a research component is not addressed in an article, you must decide whether this is justified or not. Answer the questions in each section of the “Guidelines for a Critique” (reproduced in the rubric and also found in the Resources section of the courseware) and give examples of “how and why” to clarify each point you make. If a yes or no answer is specified, provide a rationale or include examples or content from the study to address the question. Guidelines for Critique of a Research Article If a research component is not addressed in an article, the reviewer must decide whether this is justified or not. Answer the questions in each section below and give examples of ‘how and why' to clarify each point you make. Do not use the abstract for any of the following information in the professor assigned article. a) What implications do the findings have for nursing practice? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, What does the author say and what do you think or do you have further thought about this specifically what are the implications for nursing. b) What suggestions are made for further studies? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, What did they tell you base from the information gained from this study, what did they tell you are the next step for further studies. c) Are the study findings consistent with those of previous research? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, What they say that they found is it consistent with the previous research and that review literature. Or is there a difference, and it's ok if there is a difference but you have to know that this might be a study that show some totally differences because it has been a different study on a different population but is different. So you have to consider that with patient population. d) Do you have confidence in the findings? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, What do you think, do you think it's a strong research study and so you have confidence? Or you have so many questions about the findings that you cannot put this in the place? You cannot have confidence enough to use it now in your patient population. e) Do the findings add to nursing knowledge? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, Do you feel like from what we found out in the study that it will enhance nursing knowledge which can be use for patient or nursing population, student population? But overall there is an addition to nursing knowledge from this study. f) What is the researcher's interpretation of the findings? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, Are the result related back to the study framework? - What did they say? How did they interpret the findings from the result section? - How did they explain those significant and non-significant findings? g) Which findings are consistent with those expected? Instructions/guidelines on how to answer this question, - Which findings are unexpected (serendipity)? - Which findings are totally unexpected? (Because almost every study has serendipity where there is something that does not affect the result of the study but they found that information. - Are significant and non-significant findings explained? - Are the findings consistent with what they expected? - Did they tell you this is significant? Or that this was found to be significant, and this was found to be non-significant. - Why this might not be significant, and why this is significant? h) Were the statistically significant findings also examined for clinical significance? If something was not statistically significant, but it is clinical significantly, did they examine the result for that? i) Are study limitations identified and relevant? - can you think of other things that they did not mention. - Can you think of other things that maybe a limitation that they did not mention, but are they relevant to the findings of the study? - If we have a limitation that causes us to stop the research early, and we don't ever get to finish the research, will that make it relevant? j) How does the researcher generate the findings? - did the researcher say “be careful about generalizing it back to a population? If so, what were the problems? What were the limitations? - They need to say who that information has to be generalized back to. k) To what populations can the findings be generalized? (Here you go back to the demographic information, that's who the findings can be generalized to that population, because that is who they researched.

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Critique
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Does the design provide a means to examine all of the objectives, questions, or hypotheses and the study purpose?
The question that has guided the study is "What are the relationships among the psychosocial variables of perceived stress sleep quality, loneliness, and self-esteem among obese young adult women?" (Culp et al., 2013). The purpose of the article is "The study is to define the relationship between the psychosocial variables and self- rated health status of young obese women in the sample (Smith et al., 2013). The increase of obesity in young people and the reasons why it is prevalent is addressed and research shows that it is increasing with it reaching 70%. The sample collection of data by the author of sixty eight women between age of eighteen and twenty four used in the study is ideal in drawing up a conclusion of obesity in young adults.
The use of descriptive and bivariate provides results that are easily understood to derive conclusions on the relationship between self-rated health stresses, sleep quality, loneliness and self-esteem and obesity (Smith, Theeke, Culp, Clarke, and Pinto, 2013). The likert points for self-rating of health and scaling of the psychological reactions can assist in deriving the conclusion for the purpose of the research.
Does the study include a treatment or intervention? If so, is the treatment clearly described and consistently implemented?
The study sample that shows that" 68 women of 18 and above years with a BMI of 30 and above were collected from the university health care center" (Smith et al., 2013). The recruitment was placed on advertisements on notice board in the health care center and the criteria used was collect the BMI and those with 30 and above were promised preventive care. There was no treatment offered, but a movie ticket was provided at the end of the study of the subjects.
The research findings assist the clinicians and to check for stress in an age group while assessing issues concerning poor sleep. The relation between stress and loneliness is to be checked in obesity, in women prior to treatment. Nurses that have skills in stress management can assist the obese women by utilizing the study from the research (Theeke, 2013).
Did the researchers indicate the method used to obtain a sample? What sampling method is it?
The researchers sampled the subjects by advertising on the notice board. The students BMI was collected and age qualification was eighteen years and above. The team employed by the research team to identify the participants (Theeke et al., 2013). The health center offered preventive care that can encourage participating in the study. The data was collected in fifteen months allowing an ample time to collect subjects.
Identify the specific design type. Was the best design selected to direct this study?
The study used a design that determined relationship between obesity and the self-rated health. The use of descriptive and bivariate process was used to find the relation (Smith, Theeke, Culp, Clarke and Pinto, 2013). The design used was able to allow the subjects to rate their health in five point scales. The scale was used to measure the psychosocial variables. The method was the not the best design because it does provide the researchers the group that refused to participate.
The study was only focused on a certain group in Virginia and is not a conclusive study that can be used scientifically to provide treatment for the young obese women. The conclusions derived from the research can be enhanced by taking a random sample from sending questionnaires with likert points to various universit...
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