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The Tragedy of the Commons (Research Paper Sample)


It's about the tragedy of the commons


The Tragedy of the Commons
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The Tragedy of the commons
Tragedy of the commons is a circumstance or a situation in which individuals use extensively a common resource (shared resource) in their own interest without considering how it will affect other people and the environment. By so doing, the resource is depleted. William Forster Lloyd- a British writer, was the 1st person to objectify this supposition in 1833. In 1968, Garrett Hardin, a highly educated scientist, dispensed an enthralling formulation of the population problem. Hardin presented the problem with stark terms. He 1st looked at the population in relation to resources, and drafted a conclusion that the population must be under control. He analyzed the dynamics that contribute to overpopulation and gave possible solutions to his analysis.
Hardin dismissed unrealistic hope that ameliorate food production technology will enable an indefinite population increase. “A finite world can support only finite population” To be more specific, it’s not realistic to provide growth in both population and have a quality life. Mathematically, it’s not possible to maximize the two factors at the same time. Biologically, there must be a decrease in calories available in an individual for the population to increase. He did away with Jeremy Bentham’s theory of “The greatest good for the greatest number,” with he stated that, “the optimum population is, then, less than the maximum.” His logic was that, to increase population, there is a need to increase the living standard (consumption). (Hardin (1968).
It’s difficult to choose the limit population and between which goods to go far. We behave like individual choices will solve group problems like population. Adam Smith’s laissez-faire theory of inconspicuous hand entice us to dream that an individual pursuing their personal interest will serve the group interest. This theory is inapplicable and disastrous. Hardin used a very common metaphor (ToC) to show the reason why, when a resource is owned by many people, some will develop a self-interest and will want to maximize the exploitation of the resources so that they full benefit from it but the cost distributed among the users. Typically, it means, couples tend to assume that, getting another child will benefit them, but end up increasing the cost of their living (Dutta & Sundaram (1993).
In all Hardin’s weaknesses and the solutions that he provided, originates from things that people assume. His primary solution is that, the common system in breading must be abandoned, he demands us to use the same formula that we used to realize pollution and food production, for example, the laws and privatization we used to bring off this. People should stop adding offspring freely to the already existing ones that they are unable to care for in an ecosystem. Though it sounds pretty simple, but we need to ask ourselves, how we will achieve this restriction.
Hardin dismissed a number of solutions stems, particularly the individual assumptions of the supposition. He dismissed the conscience, as they would go for many kids. He argued that the genetic transmission is not a hundred percent and that, there is no perfect transmission for learning genes in families. He further dismissed the efforts of the parents who try getting another pregnancy after they have lost their children and instead use that opportunity to invest.
Efficient and clean technology can accommodate many materials consumption and people than Hardin think, that will not change between number of human and quality life. While trying to convince, gives general view that is not true in case study of history. The truth is that, most of the communities handled properly their commons; not all humans will use the resources carelessly on their own interest without having the rest of the people in mind. Most of the communities observe and control the use of their lands, so that fertility is maintained. In short, they care for their resources because it is a collective responsibility for everyone if they share a common resource. (Ostrom, (2008)
Hardin’s supposition that

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