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Client's Rights As The Key Of Ethical Considerations Among Counselors (Research Paper Sample)


I was expected to identify and discuss ethical issues in counselling.
Therefore, I identified ethical decision-making, dual relationships, disclosure, and client's rights as the key ethical issues in counseling and suggested solutions to these PROBLEMS.


Ethical Considerations among Counselors
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Ethical Considerations among Counselors
Ethical considerations act as the guidelines that emerge from the field of counseling. These considerations ensure that counselors perform their duties appropriately. It is imperative for counselors to make ethical considerations since counseling is a field that deals with sensitive matters, such as divorce, mental health and so forth (Sori & Hecker, 2015). Counselors need to make various ethical considerations, and some of these include the client's right, ethical decision making, disclosure, confidentiality, multicultural counseling, as well as dual relationships. This paper provides an analysis of the aforementioned ethical considerations.
Ethical Decision Making
One ethical consideration for counselors is ethical decision making. Ethical decision making is crucial for counselors since they often experience situations that have ethical dilemmas. For instance, counselors have to balance between being honest with their clients and ensuring that there are no misunderstandings or a violation of the patients' rights (Smith, 2003). Ethical decision making enables counselors to address issues reasonably and avoid ignorance, which often worsens the situation. Some of the ethical decisions that counselors may make include consulting a code of ethics whenever an issue arises. A code of ethics allows counselors to address problems consistently. Another ethical decision is for a counselor to trust their judgment based on their experience with a particular matter (Sori & Hecker, 2015). Ethical decision making is, therefore, a guide that assists counselors to perform their duties accordingly.
Counselors also need to consider disclosure, particularly, therapist self-disclosure (TSD). TSD is a form of disclosure, which refers to the act of a counselor revealing some personal information about himself or herself to a patient. TSD can be intentional, unintentional and inevitable (Hanson 2005). Carew (2009) finds out that some counselors (therapists) self-disclose (to create a close relationship with clients), whereas others avoid this practice for different reasons (to avoid being vulnerable). Disclosure is important for therapists since, without it, there may be negative consequences, such as the worsening of attitudes among counselors if there are efforts to restrict TSD totally. This element is additionally essential as a counselor can learn to use it properly for the benefit of the client (Carew, 2009). Therefore, while disclosure raises some concerns for counselors, it is still beneficial for their practice. Counselors have to decide when it is best for them to self-disclose.
Dual Relationships
Furthermore, counselors need to know how to balance dual relationships, which are as a result of their profession. In particular, dual relationships arise from the ethical dilemmas that continuously confront counselors (Smith, 2003). Since a counselor handles different clients, he or she may find themselves in a situation that requires them to make a decision. For example, a counselor may have to decide whether it is right for them to seek the services of their junior because they are easily accessible. In such a relation, the most important question that the counselor needs to answer is who is to benefit the most. In other words, the counselor has to determine whose needs are met in the relationship and in most cases; it should be those of the client (Smith, 2003). Hence, counselors should avoid dual relationships that may be harmful to their clients or profession. It is thus, necessary for counselors to consider dual relationships that are not only manageable but also beneficial to the client.
Client's Right
Welfel (2010) states that it is the ethical duty of therapists to ensure their clients exercise their rights which include having access to sufficient inf

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