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US Interest in the Middle East (Research Paper Sample)

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A research paper about US Interest in the Middle East.

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US Interest in the Middle East
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US Interest in the Middle East
What factors explain the United States’ involvement with Iran’s nuclear program? Abrams (2012) states that it is been known for quite some time that Iran possess the potential to create nuclear weapons of mass destruction. However, the Iranians claim to be developing their nuclear resources as an alternative energy resource as a result of its beneficial reduced costs. Abrams (2012) proceeds to claim that the United States and a few other nations agree that Iran should abandon their nuclear development plans because they can ultimately lead to weapons of mass destruction, which pose a threat to certain middle eastern countries, and breach the terms of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). This essay will explain that through the spectacles of realism, the United States is implicated with Iran's nuclear program because of their relationship with Israel, as well as their interests in securing their political and economic interests in the Middle East.
Although the US has stated that its involvement with Iran’s nuclear program is to curb the production of weapons of mass destruction the immediate cause of its actions are motivated by the need to safe guard its own interests. With the rapid spread of the Arab spring in the recent past, the US is cautious about allowing Iran to partake its ambitious nuclear program. Their major concerns are the strained relations that have been established with the Arab nations. Arab nations are bitter with the US involvement in the affairs in the Middle East. This ranges from its massive operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, which left most Arab nations with more questions than answers on the real motive of the US (Venter, 2003). This has seen the emergence of extremist groups in the Middle East which are keen to revenge at the slightest chance available. The US feels that Iran may supply the nuclear weapons to these extremist groups with devastating effects. To back this up the US has admitted to having used drones to spy on Iran. In addition, Venter (2003) makes claims on the involvement of US CIA with the assassination of Iran’s nuclear experts.
The US has been having some economic agenda on Iran for a considerable period. Looking at the Gulf war of 1990-91, US cleared doubts of its intentions in the Middle East. With enormous oil deposits the US is determined to control the world’s second precious commodity. When Iraq invaded Iran, US could not seat back and watch Iraq gain control over half of the world’s oil fields (Venter, 2003). This was why they responded very fast to the crisis in support of Iran. US has also made all efforts to ensure that it has enough grip and control over the oil produced in the Middle East. In June 2004, Iran announced its intentions to create an Iranian oil Bourse. This would bring completion between the Iranian oil Bourse with the New York Mercantile exchange (NYMEX) and London International Petroleum Exchange (IPE) (Pirseyedi, 2012). It is worth noting that both IPE and NYMEX are US-owned corporations. The impacts of these are also worth noting because Iran allowed its E.U and C.U customers to pay for oil using Euros. This would bring in a fourth crude oil marker, not forgetting that E.U imports more crude oil from OPEC than the U.S and imports more to the Middle East. This new developments argued by Margulies (2008) would weaken the dollar as the oil customers could now choose to purchase using the Euro or the Dollar. It is for this reason that the US wished to control Iran at whatever cost. Secondly, the United States is afraid that if Iran acquires nuclear weapons there is a probability that it might hold the world at ransom, bearing in mind the disastrous effect of nuclear weapons (Margulies, 2008).
An analysis of realism shows that it assumes neorealist and its primacy by focusing on how nuclear weapons can protect a state by deterrence. Further analysis of realism...
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