The Expansion Of Space Programs By The Developed Countries (Research Paper Sample)
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Ongoing advancements in technology and multiple logistical advantages have encouraged the expansion of space programs by the developed countries with many others accelerating the development of space related technologies. Some of the countries that have broadened their space exploration programs include the U.S., Russia, China, Japan, Canada, and India (Burleson, 2005). The U.S., China, and Russia are the only countries on earth that have managed to put people within space independently. China and India have signaled intentions of doing the same in the near future. Many policy critics have argued against the expansion of the space programs on the grounds of the large budgetary allocations and presumed inappropriateness of the missions. In the view of many critics, the money used on the programs should be channeled to causes such as poverty eradication and the provision of essential services such as education, healthcare, counterterrorism, and other matters of immediate concern.
Growing opposition against space programs is largely based on the fact that planet earth continues to face significant challenges and risks, which should be addressed with money from the various space programs. Moreover, the critics contend that the research input that is often directed towards space programs should be channeled towards programs that aim towards the improvement of the conditions that continue to afflict the modern world (Harvey, Smid & Pirard, 2010). Some of the pressing problems that continue to attract the attention of world leaders include global warming, the HIV/AIDS pandemic, global terrorism, cancer, and underdevelopment in many parts of the world (Callmers, 2008). In the opinion of some critics, the budgetary allocation for space programs should be redirected to such problems, which threaten the survival of whole societies across the globe. Such perspectives are usually supported by opposition groups, environmental lobbyists and activists of different causes.
Some of the space programs that would have been invented are those whose import has a direct positive bearing on the survival of the planet earth. Critics consider many of the existing inventions as grossly superficial and wholly inappropriate, particularly when considered in the background of the emergent challenges of the 21st Century (Harvey, Smid & Pirard, 2010). Among the inventions that should have been developed include those that provide definite specifics about the gravity of global warming. Others should offer credible predictions about the weather, particularly on matters related to early warning systems. The common impression is that the available predictions and early warning systems are not as efficient and timely as they should be. As such, poor disaster responses are often attributed to the inability of the existing technology to provide proper information that would lead to the limiting of the damage when the inevitable unfolds. Therefore, space programs should be channeled towards providing solutions on matters related to natural calamities.
Moreover, there is the general feeling that space programs have not helped in the resolution of airline disasters. Critics believe that significant breakthroughs would have been achieved had the space engineers devoted sufficient efforts to the investigation of disaster, particularly those related to missing air planes such as Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370. Moreover, the technologies used in the space shuttles could be borrowed and used in the improvement of the mechani
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