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Ancient Athenian Democracy (Research Paper Sample)

Paper Instructions: 1. What was the relationship between warfare and democracy in Athens? How did warfare shape the history of Athens, especially in its own political and social contexts? 2. Why did the old Hellenic ideal of participation in the polis as the highest ideal in life decline, and in what ways did the various philosophies reflect this shift? The paper answered the above questions. source..
Student’s Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Ancient Athenian Democracy The democracy that existed in Athens roughly from the middle of the fifth century was a remarkable system, unprecedented and unparalleled in world history. It was exhilarating, capable of mobilizing extraordinary citizen involvement, enthusiasm, and achievement, enormously and at the same time potentially greatly destructive (Kendrick, 6). Athens contemporary military revolution is not broadly known. Athens discovered and perfected new and unpopular forms of warfare, military organization and strategy and bore the responsibility of advancing the intensity of Greek warfare to a far much different level. This revolution directly followed the famous 508 BCE uprising and coincided with the emergence of the Athenian culture that was to a larger extent caused by democracy. This contemporary nature of Athens military revolutions raises the possibility that popular government or democracy was one of the major causes of the Athenian military success (Kendrick, 9). The classical Athenian democracy was founded and nourished on the corporate identity of the citizens, which found expression and support in a wide variety of collective activities in which the free population, or at least males with civic rights participated as equals. On the political level, venues for such communal action included the assembly and the courts. Militarily, the citizens were united as soldiers and sailors although there were important distinctions among the classes of cavalry. It was drawn from the richest stratum, hoplites or heavy armed fighters who had to have sufficient wealth to provide their own armor. The poorer citizens manned the fleets and served as light-armed infantry (Mifsud, 44). In the 5th century (Kendrick, 11), Athens intensified, amplifi...
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