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Describe Mental Health Management For Police Officers (Research Proposal Sample)
The task was to identify the stressors that interferes with mental health of police officerssource..
Mental Health Management for Police Officers
The aim of this study is to investigate mental health management among police officers. Law enforcement officers are normally subjected to enormous stress owing to the nature of their work. For instance, officers normally engage in deadly confrontations, and this often leaves some of them traumatized from the experience. The stress police officers experience emanates from two different sources, and they include organizational stress and operational stress. Organizational stress refers to the stress that officer experience within the departments or organizations they work for, while operational stress refer to stress officer experience when discharging their duties, for example, during patrols. This study seeks to investigate the role played by perceived organizational support in influencing officers to seek professional help while under stress because support from the organization is one of the key determinants of whether officers will seek mental health services.
Keywords: Stress, Police Officers, Mental Health Management
Mental Health Management for Police Officers
Police officers perform one of the most stressful jobs in the planet because they are more likely to be subjected to violence and death or witness them. The stress that police officers are subjected to can significantly affect their mental and physical health and it accumulates over years of service. Some of the most common challenges police officers struggle with include PSTD (posttraumatic stress disorder), suicidal thoughts, depression, and alcohol abuse (Tucker, 2015). A survey done by NAMI (National Alliance of Mental Illness) found that one every four police officers had experienced suicidal ideation at some point in their career, and the rate of suicide even in small police departments is nearly four times that of the general population. Furthermore, the survey found that the suicide rates among police officers is four times compared to firefighters (National Alliance for Mental Illness, 2017).
The survey by NAMI also found that approximately 7 to 19 percent of police officers showed signs of PTSD compared to 3.5 percent prevalence in the general population. Moreover, suicides cause more deaths among police officers than homicides; suicides causes 2.3 times more deaths than homicides (National Alliance for Mental Illness, 2017). In spite of the concrete evidence that police officers are overrepresented in cases of mental illness, surveys have shown that they are less likely to use therapy from a professional. Some clinicians and researchers have argued that law enforcement officers are reluctant to seek therapy from professionals because of confidentiality concerns and the stigma attached to the disorders. Most of the researchers that have cited confidentiality and stigma as the main reason police officers do not seek mental health services have relied on subjective evidence (Tucker, 2015).
For law enforcement officers to benefit from science-based treatments for their stress, it is important to comprehend the effects different types of stresses have on the police and the type of proved behavior and administrative approaches that can lower the stress they experience on a daily basis. The daily stresses that the police experience are caused by the several interactions they have with the communities during patrols, and these range from deadly confrontations to polite conversations (Miller, 2015). One of the factors that researchers have failed to explore in depth is the perception of organizational support among the police. Perceived organizational support is the degree in which workers believe that the compant they work for value their input and cares about them (Tucker, 2015).
This study will seek to determine the effect of perceived organizational support (POS) on the likelihood of law enforcement officers to use mental health services when in distress. The contribution of this study to policy is that understanding the factors that influence the likelihood of police officers to utilize mental health services in a crucial step in dealing with the negative outcomes of the stress police undergo. Previous studies on the issue have mainly concentrated on the degree of stress, causes of stress, and the negative outcomes of stress if left untreated. Based on the findings of previous studies, the stress experienced by the police emanates from various sources, and they have been placed into two categories that include organizational and operational stresses (Tucker, 2015).
Operational stressors refer to the type of stress that come from the duties and demands placed upon police officers by their job. Some of the known operational stressors include duty-related violence, too much paper work, working overtime, the nature of the shifts, and dangerous incidents (Tucker, 2015). Organizational stressors have been defined as those that emanates within police departments, especially from interpersonal interactions that are semi-military and highly hierarchical in nature. Some of the obvious organizational stressors are perceived biases in assignment allocation, favoritism in disciplinary procedures, little chance for promotion, pressure from superiors, and lack of support from the administration. Several studies have documented that...
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