13 pages/≈3575 words
RECOVERY OF WASTE PLASTIC PAPERS AND UNWANTED CLOTHING INTO COSMETICS PRODUCTS (Research Proposal Sample)
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RECOVERY OF WASTE PLASTIC PAPERS AND UNWANTED CLOTHING INTO COSMETICS PRODUCTS MAINA ESTHER WAMAITHA Research Plan submitted in partial fulfillment for the Award of the Degree of Doctorate of Science in Chemistry of Tokyo Institute of Technology 2016 DECLARATION This research plan is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any other university. Signatureâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ Dateâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ Maina Esther Wamaitha This research proposal has been submitted for examination with our approval as university supervisors. Signatureâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ Dateâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ Professor Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan TABLE OF CONTENT TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u DECLARATION PAGEREF _Toc467065073 \h ii TABLE OF CONTENT PAGEREF _Toc467065074 \h iii LIST OF PLATES PAGEREF _Toc467065075 \h iv ABSTRACT PAGEREF _Toc467065076 \h v INTRODUCTION & LITERATURE REVIEW PAGEREF _Toc467065077 \h 1 1.1 Background PAGEREF _Toc467065078 \h 1 1.2 Land fills PAGEREF _Toc467065079 \h 1 1.3 Plastics recycling PAGEREF _Toc467065080 \h 2 1.4 Recycling of the unwanted clothing PAGEREF _Toc467065081 \h 2 1.5 Cosmetic hair PAGEREF _Toc467065082 \h 2 1.6: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM PAGEREF _Toc467065083 \h 3 1.7: JUSTIFICATION PAGEREF _Toc467065084 \h 3 1.8 HYPOTHESIS PAGEREF _Toc467065085 \h 4 1.9 OBJECTIVES PAGEREF _Toc467065086 \h 4 1.9.1 Overall Objective PAGEREF _Toc467065087 \h 4 1.9.2 Specific Objectives PAGEREF _Toc467065088 \h 4 2.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS PAGEREF _Toc467065089 \h 5 2.1 Sample Preparation and Purification PAGEREF _Toc467065090 \h 5 2.2 Plastic papers Functionalization PAGEREF _Toc467065091 \h 5 2.3 Chemical recycling of the plastic papers and unwanted clothing into cosmetics hair products PAGEREF _Toc467065092 \h 5 2.4 Comparative in vivo and in vitro tests on the cosmetics hair and the marketed hair PAGEREF _Toc467065093 \h 5 WORK PLAN PAGEREF _Toc467065094 \h 6 REFERENCES PAGEREF _Toc467065095 \h 7 LIST OF PLATES TOC \h \z \c "Plate" Plate 1: Synthetic hair PAGEREF _Toc467064831 \h 3 ABSTRACT In Japan, and in the wide world at large, majority of the consumers uses plastic papers and clothes. The plastic materials are durable and are molded into different products that can find use in other applications. Plastics production has increased markedly over the years due to their inexpensive and lightweight properties. Moreover, due to its wider usage, disposal, non-bio degradability properties, accumulation levels in our environment as landfills debris has resulted to a severe environmental pollution. Within the fashion industry however, recycling of unwanted clothing into other by-products have not been extensively explored. Recycling and conversion of these two materials will reduce the environmental impacts. Hence, the present study aims at plastic and clothing waste reduction strategies through recycling into cosmetic hair by-products. This will result in creation of employment opportunities, advances in systems of collection, sorting, reprocessing, and generally combined cooperation in action from the public, industries, and the government. Moreover, the formation of hair by-products will be comparatively good and will meet the high demands of the cosmetic products. INTRODUCTION & LITERATURE REVIEW 1.1 Background The plastics industries have developed considerably due to invention of various polymers production routes from petrochemical sources. This is so because plastic have substantial benefits like low weight, durability and low cost (Hopewell et al., 2009). Moreover, paper in todayâ€™s world is used on daily basis in various applications. From green houses, coating, and wiring, to packaging films, covers, papers and containers (Al-Salam et al., 2009). The consumption levels are high and consequently increasing the high levels of papers in our environment. This has resulted to constraint levels in sourcing for the raw materials. Moreover, according to Ryan et al., (2009), substantial quantities of end-of-life plastics are accumulating in landfills as resulting in enormous negative effects. Recycling is clearly a waste management strategy as it practices the implementation con...
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