Research Proposal: Earthquake Resistant Building Construction (Research Proposal Sample)
1.My research proposal topics is Earthquake resistant building construction
2. Plz go thoroughly through what I have posted above regarding research proposal requirements.
There are two parts in this research , you will get to see once you go though my posted thing
For this assignment you will design a project proposal to apply for the Rudnicki Fellowship. To accomplish this task, you must, first, read the Rudnicki Fellowship call for applications carefully. Second, you must choose a topic that is current and requires additional research. Third, please complete thorough background research on the topic. Lastly, you must design a project that adds something new to the field and that has a chance to be accepted. The proposal will be divided into two separate submissions. Part A will be the statement of the problem and the review of literature. Part B will be the methodology and the dissemination of the results.
Rudnicki Fellowship Call for Applications (fictitious for assignment purposes only) The Rudnicki Fellowship is a newly developed fellowship that encourages applications from university students developing current or questioning past research in their particular fields of study. The fellowship provides a living stipend for the length of the project which should be conducted over a period of two academic semesters (about one full year). The length may be slightly extended depending on the project. The topic options are open to all fields, but they should be unique to the student’s discipline. The fellowship does encourage one semester involving coursework at any university and research that is guided by a professional mentor, followed by a semester of fieldwork that is relative to the direction of study. Location choice is not specific, but it must be relevant to the topic and enhance research in a meaningful way. If responding to this fellowship opportunity, applicants are required to provide an extensive introduction, a review of research regarding the chosen topic, a methodological layout of coursework and fieldwork plans, and a description of how the results will be disseminated, such as a publication in a scholarly journal or attendance at a conference. This list is not exclusive as there may be several other options that can meet the grant requirements for completion of the research. In some cases a presentation may be required.
Rudnicki: ENGH 302M Spring 2020
Topic Please use the topic you have developed from the previous needs assessment assignment. You will enter the discussion by framing the debate and what you propose to add to it. This is not a research paper, but it does require research to provide background data for a lengthy, in-depth paper. As a result, you will be required to provide a bibliography of 12 sources that you could use in a one-year fellowship.
Document length and design Font: Times New Roman Size: 12 Spacing: 2x Word counts: Statement of the Problem (200-300 words), Review of Literature (1500-1800 words), Methodology (900 words), Dissemination of the Results (150-200 words)
The proposal should all follow documentation and citation guidelines appropriate to your field of study.
Rudnicki: ENGH 302M Spring 2020
Assignment #2: Research Proposal - Statement of the Problem and Review of Literature (100 pts) Statement of the problem should provide an overview of the proposal. It is NOT written like a traditional opening introductory section. It should include the following: 1. Open with “I propose to….” 2. Mention important facts and information on why the topic is needed and timely. 3. Give a brief description of the methodology you will use. For example, “ I will complete this research by taking courses, interviewing specialists, and conducting filed work.” I would like you to be more specific than that, but hopefully you get the idea. 4. A brief introduction of yourself and why you are qualified to complete this study.
Review of the literature: According to the GMU Writing Center Resource Guides:
“In a review of the research, the writer:
defines and clarifies the issue(s) or problem(s) specified summarizes previous investigations in order to inform the reader of the state of current research identifies relations, contradictions, gaps, and inconsistencies in the literature, and suggests the next step or steps in solving the problem
Unlike the writer of a researched report, who tends to formulate a question and research answers for it, the review writer develops a question and then looks at how other researchers in published studies have answered this and related questions. The writer then analyzes the points these studies have made and determines how each has addressed the question(s). Finally, the writer synthesizes (brings together) information from the other studies as evidence for each of the points that s/he is going to make.” (https://writingcenter.gmu.edu/guides/writing-a-literature-review)
For our review of the literature students are required to review 5-6 sources. The step by step process will be as follows:
1. Locate 12-15 sources. 2. Select the best 7-8 sources to use for your lit review. 3. Write a detailed annotated Bibliography (https://writingcenter.gmu.edu/guides/aguide-to-annotated-bibliographies) 4. Organize them in logical order 5. Combine similar studies 6. Write a narrative that links the studies together that leads to your unique contribution. 7. Conclude with a paragraph that details how you will uniquely enter the scholarly conversation.
Rudnicki: ENGH 302M Spring 2020
Assignment #3: Research Proposal - Methodology and Dissemination of the Results (50 pts) Methodology:
Part 1 consists of traditional research: taking courses (no more than 3 upper (even graduate) level; library research (scholars, books, articles that will be useful); consulting a mentor or expert to work with; conferences. Part 2 consists of field work, lab work: conducting experiments to develop and create new knowledge in the field. This should be 50% of the methodology.
Dissemination of results will consist of how you will spread the results to other scholars. This can be done through conference participation, publication of an article, development of a website, etc. You might also include personal goals related to the work, i.e. masters or PhD degree.
Research Proposal on Earthquake Resistant Building Construction
The threat of natural disasters is continuous and mostly unpredictable; however, the understanding of the forces of nature is somewhat limited in the public domain. As such, imperatively, emphasizing that we respect the environment with a constant reminder on including preventive measures as regards natural disasters in land development is paramount. Necessarily, other means of inhibition of natural disasters like environmental preservation mechanisms and economic deliberations during infrastructural and real estate development is a must. Earthquake is among the major natural disasters which cause severe destruction in many sections of the globe. The effects of earthquake tragedies on human life and growth in the world typically get weighty (O'Toole et al., 58). Instantly after the occurrence of earthquakes, substantive emotional requirements overwhelm, with people needing a reliable source of information. Urban dwellers, mostly middle class, feel the wrath the most. They often get forced to take refuge in some rough-and-ready structures, made from plastic and perhaps wood. Numerous interviews on victims living in such makeshift communities reveal that most of the survivors lose hope of regaining their life status. With permanent destruction of their houses and lack of proper means of professional inspection for structures that seem habitable afterward devastates. Furthermore, most victims usually lack adequate access to water, electricity, food, and health facilities.
Statement of the Problem
I propose that engineers and contractors should ensure the desirable seismic performance on buildings and other constructions to plummet seismic economic loss during earthquakes. In earthquake-resistant development, structures ought to get grounded, and their foundation firmly connected to the earth. Avoidance of building on loose sands or clays is necessary. In the event of an earthquake, structures erected on sand or clay surfaces can lead to extreme movement and development of nonuniform stresses. The concentration of this project is on a specific aspect of earthquake disasters in building construction, the lack of seismic safety. The focus is not meant to downplay other elements as insignificant; indeed, not. For instance, researchers and policymakers ought to devote sufficient attention to the difficulty in the establishment of an effective and quick response whenever earthquake disasters take place.
The project focuses on buildings, categorically, in residential structures, because the downfall of these demonstrated both deadly and highly troublesome to people's lives in previous earthquake occurrences. By concentrating on residential structural meagerness, the projected solutions emphasize extenuation and readiness for the upcoming and existing structures through steps like retrofitting, among others, as opposed to waiting for a responsive approach to disaster occurrence. This type of mitigation process will help reduce earthquake-induced damages.
I will complete this research by offering a multi-layered set of pitches, that concurrently approach the problem through most of the known heights of causality. The plans drawn in detail comprise a recommendation for training and certification program for engineers and contractors, public awareness and marketing drives, a probable system of sponsored housing and home enhancement strategies, adjustments to community regulations and inspection management, and a suggestion on reform toward disasters and development regulation for critical urban centers. The implementation of the proposals would require a non-draconian approach facilitated by significant players that encompass various institutions with satisfactory involvement.
I believe I qualify to complete this study because I am a passionate, disciplined, and academically-gifted academic lover. I am presently pursuing my studies in English at George Mason University and hold a deep-rooted interest in architecture, structural design, and seismic surveys. The continued prevalence of 6.0 and above rated earthquakes in the US is another motivating factor for my interest in this topic. Besides my traits, I believe my experience in research and research-related functions further qualifies me for this study. My track record researching socially important subject matters accord me an added advantage as I comprehend the vitality of not only provided data and results but also making a sound, actionable and implementable recommendations to aid in the alleviation of the research problem. As such, I am convinced that my traits, faith, academic qualifications, and experience make me the best-qualified individual to study this topic.
In a case study examining low-cost housing and community involvedness in construction, Rajandre Desai and Rupal Desai pointed out that the majority of houses that collapsed about the 1992 Latur Earthquake belonged to the low-category (LATHA et al., 181). They cited development using broader stone masonry in a weak motor. The roofing was also heavy and improperly clamped to peripheral walls. Further, they asserted that socio-eco-friendly methods and materials influenced the constructions. The buildings had recyclable materials that produced less pollution as well. However, these traditional methods never complied with seismic resistivity specifications. This information will be vital during the creation of data for the public awareness forums in our project. It will get used in guaranteeing that constructions get protected in consideration of seismic resistivity of the building using a proper methodology.
Contrastingly, Nicolas (www.sites.googal.com) had a different opinion. He elucidated the need for retrofitting the structures with scarce seismic resistivity. The importance of this caution, as explained incline to safety to inhabitants in and around the construction, property. Other benefits he alluded to include cost-effectiveness, such as litigation cost, medical disbursement, temporary repositioning cost, loss of building usage, and the time factor required in facing such situations (Nuzzo et al., 2787). However, retrofitting requires the advice and administration of a qualified and experienced engineer or contractor in the construction field. If retrofitting gets performed without professionalism, more harm than good will be inevitable. Nicolas also believes that poor retrofits will escalate the cost of disaster management. He warns that no structure is full of proof against earthquakes. Even though he might be right, I believe that Nicolas ought to acknowledge that retrofitting boosts the performance of the structure. My proposal will ensure that engineers and contractors understand the importance of retrofitting and adhere to their standard practices.
In another case study by Gaikwad et al. (2015), they deliberated upon the conduct of a bare frame and an in-filled frame considering underneath soil. Gaikwad et al. scrutinized the seismic safety of a building frame with a solid (fixed) foundation finding three types of soils, that is, hard, soft, and medium-stiff (Sayyed et al., 105). In their case, an in-filled panel solely represented brick masonry. Noteworthy, in a practical scenario, incorporating the properties of soil building frame in 100% fixity is unachievable. Usually, settlements, forces as a result of shear and bending, and the foundational rotation alter even the superstructures. The alteration is known as "Soil-Structure Interaction."
Similarly, Singh et al. (2016) investigated the performance of RC frame buildings. The analysis encompassed frame building that had infill walls and building frames without infill walls. Typical structural construction requires the frequent use of RC framed structures to enable rapid progress of work as well as ease of assembly. Infill panels enhance the stiffness and strength of the frame. They are usually acting as a compression strut between column and beam. The resultant compression forces get moved over the nodes. The Bhuj earthquake revealed a significant structural failure in the response of the buildings despite the presence of infill walls (Surana et al., 131). Singh et al. engaged equivalent diagonal strut concept analysis in examining the response in seismic resistivity of strengthened concrete buildings. Equating the results from the high-tech model analysis of both Gaikwad et al. and Singh et al. will give us an apparent soil structure behavior, which is vital for new constructions. My proposal will incorporate the vitality of understanding the soil structure of a particular area as part of the construction process. This knowledge will guide engineers and contractors in using the right strategies to provide desirable seismic performance.
Disasters and Retrofit Strategies
The performance level of buildings is decided based on building requirements. From the demand capacity spectra, if the performance point does not fit the required standard, it becomes clear that the damage occurring to structural elements needs to get addressed (Daly et al.,86). Grounded on the kind and degree of harm that has happened, retrofitting measures will be taken. Thus, the type of damage must get understood by the designer, and then the appropriate retrofit strategy may inform the decision. The following section examines different kinds of disasters and retrofit strategies advocated in technical literature that we will engage in the execution of our plan giving proper guidance towards seismic safety:
Paulay and Priestly (1991), in their book, have described various failure modes, responses, ...
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