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Mathematics & Economics
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Statistics Project
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# Census Analaysis (Statistics Project Sample)

Instructions:

Skill Review 7.1
In this project, you will analyze U.S. population growth over the last 40 years.
Skills needed to complete this project:
• Applying Quick Styles and Other Formatting to Sparklines
• Changing the Sparkline Type
• Adding a Data Series to a Chart
• Creating a Combination Chart
• Formatting Other Chart Elements
• Formatting a Data Point or a Data Series
• Creating a Chart Template
• Inserting a Shape
• Applying Quick Styles and Other Formatting to Shapes
• Applying a Chart Template
• Forecasting Values on a Trendline
• Changing Trendline Options
1. Open the start file EX2016-SkillReview-7-1. The file will be renamed automatically to include your
name. Change the project file name if directed to do so by your instructor, and save it.
2. If the workbook opens in Protected View, click the Enable Editing button in the Message Bar at the
top of the workbook so you can modify the workbook.
3. Add Sparklines to the data and apply a Quick Style.
a. On the Population Data worksheet, select cells B4:F13.
b. On the Insert tab, in the Sparklines group, click the Column button.
c. In the Create Sparklines dialog, verify that B4:F13 is the Data Range and specify G4:G13 as the Location
Range. Click OK.
d. On the Sparkline Tools Design tab, in the Style group, apply the Dark Blue, Sparkline Style Dark #6 style.
Click the More button to expand the gallery, then click the first style from the right in the fifth row.
4. Change the Sparklines to lines with markers for all data points and highlight the high point marker in a
different color.
a. On the Sparkline Tools Design tab, in the Type group, click the Line button.
b. On the Sparkline Tools Design tab, in the Show group, click the Markers check box.
c. On the Sparkline Tools Design tab, in the Style group, click the Marker Color button, point to High
Point, and select Red (the second color from the left in the row of standard colors).
5. Create a column chart to represent the population data for Dallas and then add a second series to
represent the overall population of the United States.
a. Select cells A3:F3. Press [Ctrl] and click and drag to select cells A12:F12.
Step 1
start file
A Skills Approach: Excel 2016 Chapter 7: Exploring Advanced Charts
and Graphics
2 | Page Skill Review 7.1 Last Updated 2/9/18
b. On the Insert tab, in the Charts group, click the Column or Bar Chart button, and choose Clustered
Column (the first chart type under 2‐D Column).
c. Click and drag the chart to reposition it immediately below the data.
d. On the Chart Tools Design tab, in the Data group, click the Select Data button.
e. In the Legend Entries (Series) box, click the Add button.
f. Click cell A15 to add the cell reference to the Series name box.
g. Click in the Series values box and delete the default entry. Click and drag to select cells B15:F15.
h. Click OK.
6. Change the chart type to a combination chart with a secondary axis for the national population data.
a. On the Chart Tools Design tab, in the Type group, click the Change Chart Type button.
b. In the list of chart types at the left side of the All Charts tab, click Combo.
c. Excel automatically suggests a line chart for the Total US population series, but the scale difference
between the two series makes the Dallas data unreadable. Click the Secondary Axis check box next
to Total US population series.
d. Click OK.
7. Add a legend above the chart and format it by applying a style.
a. Click the Chart Elements button that appears near the upper right corner of the chart. Point to
Legend and click the arrow that appears at the right. Click Top.
b. Click the legend to select it. On the Chart Tools Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the More
button to expand the gallery. Select the Subtle Effect ‐ Yellow, Accent 5 style (the second style
from the right in the third row from the bottom in the Theme Styles section).
8. Change the fill color of a data point to make it stand out.
a. Select the data point for 1990 for the series Dallas, TX by clicking the 1990 column once to select the
series and then clicking it a second time to select just that data point.
b. On the Chart Tools Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Shape Fill button and select Red,
Accent 2 (the fifth color from the right in the first row of theme colors).
9. Save this chart as a new chart template.
a. Right-click an empty area of the chart and select Save as Template....
b. In the Save Chart Template dialog, type Population Combo Chart in the File name box.
c. Click Save.
10. Add a callout to the chart, apply a style to it, and add text.
a. On the Chart Tools Format tab, in the Insert Shapes group, click the More button to expand the gallery.
b. Select Callout: Line (the fifth shape from the left in the Callouts section).
c. Click anywhere in the chart to insert the shape.
A Skills Approach: Excel 2016 Chapter 7: Exploring Advanced Charts
and Graphics
3 | Page Skill Review 7.1 Last Updated 2/9/18
d. Click and drag the shape to reposition it so it is pointing to the highlighted data point as shown in
Figure EX 7.62.
e. On the Drawing Tools Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the More button to expand the
gallery. Select the Subtle Effect ‐ Yellow, Accent 5 style (the second style from the right in the third
row from the bottom).
f. Type: What happened here? and then click anywhere outside the callout.
g. If necessary, make the shape slightly larger so all the text is visible.
11. Create a new chart from the template you saved.
a. Select cells A3:F4. Press [Ctrl] and click and drag to select cells A12:F12.
b. On the Insert tab, in the Charts group, click the dialog launcher to open the Insert Chart dialog.
c. In the Insert Chart dialog, click the All Charts tab.
d. Click Templates. If necessary, select the Population Combo Chart template.
e. Click OK.
f. If necessary, move the chart so it is positioned to the right of the first chart as shown in Figure EX
7.62.
FIGURE EX 7.62
12. Change the outline color of a data series.
a. Select the New York, NY data series by clicking any column in the second chart.
b. On the Chart Tools Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Shape Outline button, and select
Black, Text 1 (the second color from the left in the first row of theme colors).
13. Create a clustered column chart for population growth by region. Move the chart to its own chart sheet
named Regional Trends.
a. Go to the Census Data by State worksheet and select cells A5:L8.
A Skills Approach: Excel 2016 Chapter 7: Exploring Advanced Charts
and Graphics
4 | Page Skill Review 7.1 Last Updated 2/9/18
b. On the Insert tab, in the Charts group, click the Insert Column or Bar Chart button and select
Clustered Column (the first chart under the 2‐D Column section).
c. If necessary, change the x axis labels to match the column headings. On the Chart Tools Design tab, in
the Data group, click the Select Data button. In the Horizontal (Category) Axis Labels box, click the
Edit button, and then click and drag to select cells B3:L3. Click OK. Click OK to accept the changes
to the chart.
d. On the Chart Tools Design tab, in the Location group, click the Move Chart button.
e. Click the New Sheet radio button. Type Regional Trends in the box and click OK.
14. Edit and format the chart title.
a. Click the chart title and type: Population Trends by Region
b. On the Chart Tools Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click the More button to expand the
gallery, and select one of the WordArt options.
c. Click anywhere outside the title.
15. Add trendlines to the chart to forecast exponential growth for the next 40 years.
a. Click the Chart Elements button that appears near the upper right corner of the chart. Point to
Trendline, click the arrow that appears, and click More Options.
b. In the Add Trendline dialog, click OK. (Northeast should be selected by default.)
c. In the Format Trendline task pane, click the Exponential radio button.
d. In the Forecast section, type 4 in the Forward box.
e. Click the Fill & Line button near the top of the task pane.
f. Click in the Width box and change the value to 4.
g. Click the End Arrow type box and select Arrow (the second option in the top row).
h. Right-click any data point in the Midwest series and select Add Trendline.... Apply the same
formatting options as you applied to the Northeast trendline: exponential, forecasting forward for 4
periods, 4 pt width, and arrow type End Arrow.
i. Follow the same steps to add a trendline to each of the other data series using the same formatting
options (exponential, forecasting forward for 4 periods, 4 pt width, and arrow type End Arrow).
The final chart should look similar to Figure EX 7.63.
A Skills Approach: Excel 2016 Chapter 7: Exploring Advanced Charts
and Graphics
5 | Page Skill Review 7.1 Last Updated 2/9/18
FIGURE EX 7.63
16. Save and close the workbook.

source..
Content:

USA CENSUS ANALYSIS
By [Student’s Name]
Course:
Tutor:
Date
Population of the 10 Largest U.S. Cities
City Name
New York, NY
Los Angeles, CA
Chicago, IL
Houston, TX
Phoenix, AZ
San Antonio, TX
San Diego, CA
Dallas, TX
San Jose, CA
Total US population

1970
7,895,563 2,811,801 3,369,357 1,233,535 584,303 1,949,996 654,153 697,471 844,401
459,913
203,211,926

1980
7,811,801 2,968,528 3,005,072 1,595,138 789,704 1,688,210 785,940 875,538 904,599 629,400
226,545,805

Year
1990
7,322,564 3,485,398 2,783,726 1,630,553 983,403 1,585,577 935,933 1,110,549 782,248
782,248
248,709,873

2000
8,008,278 3,694,820 2,896,016 1,953,631 1,321,045 1,517,550 1,444,646 1,223,400 1,188,580
894,943
281,421,906

2010
8,391,881 3,831,868 2,851,268 2,257,926 1,601,587 1,547,297 1,373,668 1,306,301 1,299,543 964,695
308,745,538

- 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 - 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000 350,000,00012345Dallas, TXTotal US populationWhathappened

-

200,000

400,000

600,000

800,000

1,000,000

1,200,000

1,400,000

-

50,000,000

100,000,000

150,000,000

200,000,000

250,000,000

300,000,000

350,000,000

1

2

3

4

5

Dallas, TX

Total US population

What

happened
6,600,000 6,800,000 7,000,000 7,200,000 7,400,000 7,600,000 7,800,000 8,000,000 8,200,000 8,400,000 8,600,000 - 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000New York, NYDallas, TX

6,600,000

6,800,000

7,000,000

7,200,000

...
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