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Social Sciences
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Racism Continues to be an Issue in Canada (Term Paper Sample)

Instructions:

• identify social factors that contribute to discrimination and racism in north america.
• Describe the impacts of social structures and explain the contribution it has in advancing racism.
• Use at Seven (7) quality resources as references for the assignment and document your sources using ApA Style for in-text citations and references. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.
• Write clearly and coherently using correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics.

source..
Content:


Racism Continues to Be an Issue in Canada
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Canada continues to experience many racism cases directed upon the Indigenous people at workplaces and society in general. The Non-indigenous pay low wages to the Indigenous people because they look at them as valueless within society. The irony is that these Indigenous Canadians perform more tasks and overwork, unlike the Non-indigenous people. Besides, some of these Indigenous encounter harassments more upon women (Waite, 2020, p.1). Also, school is another area that has manifested this type of racism. Inequality exists in schools are all students do not access learning materials. The priority is given to the Non-indigenous, which affects the Indigenous group's learning (Chan, 2019, p.10). Such challenges reflect in few numbers of graduates among Indigenous members when compared to the Non-indigenous. The Presence of racism is still an obstacle in Canada is due to the prioritization of non-immigrants in government benefits, an accusation of the Indigenous population by a government officer for any minor reason, discrimination of the Indigenous people at the workplace or in societies, hence need immediate solutions.
There is a high prioritization of non-immigrants benefits in the Canadian government. There is no inclusivity of immigrants in government benefits. The non-immigrants consider the immigrants as worthless people; hence, they do not need to share the benefits they receive from the government. As a result, the immigrants continue to languish in poverty as the non-immigrants enrich themselves. Immigrants face oppression in government when they offer labour as they are treated as subordinates to non-immigrants. Even though this group of individuals offer more labour, their pay does not reflect the input. Such issues affect their general wellbeing, and they have no one who can fight for their rights. Also, neoliberalism on immigrants' policy has made immigrant women invisible in Canada, favouring non-immigrants (Chan, 2019, p.11). These measures tend to have adverse effects upon the immigrants. Thus, there is a need for the government to do away prioritizing the non-immigrants so that everyone is treated equally.
Government officers in Canada accused the Indigenous population of minor reasons. As a result, the Canadian prisons are composed of 30% Indigenous people, yet they only account for 5% of the country's entire population (Cecco, 2020, p. 1). Everyone expects that when a given population is low, then its representation needs to below as well. When the percentage for the Indigenous in prison rises to 30%, yet they are the minority, it is clear that the government officers are cruel. That's why they impose minor accusations upon them hence driving them to prisons. High cases of government officials accusing the indigenous exist in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba (Cecco, 2020, p. 1). In these provinces, these members make up to 54% of prisoners, which implies that more anti-Indigenous resists in those places when compared to other provinces. The number of prisoners of Indigenous identity has steadily increased since 2010. The value has risen by almost 44%. Thus, the trend is worrying, and government officers need to avoid such inhuman acts.
Furthermore, continuous racial and negative attitudes of non-Indigenous among the Indigenous people exist in Canada. Non-indigenous individuals hold negative racial attitudes among the Indigenous. These negative racial attitudes within Canada, a multicultural society, may cause social cohesion among different individuals. In the process, it may affect the general social life and economic status, leading to health challenges among individuals (Lashta et al., 2016, p. 1242). Contact theory influences attitudes of the majority against the minority group. As a result, it is likely to raise questions about whether the Indigenous population within cities will alter the attitudes portrayed upon them by the non-indigenous people. Generally, a high correlation exists between the old-fashioned racism and the ties upon the Aboriginal people within Canada. An increased population of the Indigenous in urban centers hopes to cause positive racial attitudes. Through contact theory, it is anticipated that there will be a high interaction between interpersonal contact and education, bringing a change. For sure, continuous racial and negative attitudes upon the Indigenous are devastating.
Moreover, there is high discrimination of the Indigenous people at the workplace occurs in Canada. There are increased cases of harassment against minority groups who work at the federal public service in Canada. High discrimination is directed upon these Indigenous groups forcing them to work for longer hours when compared to the Non-indigenous groups. They also deal with tasks that do not require more skills, like cleaning. Gender harassment at the workplace basing on race is high, more so among Indigenous women. They receive low payment, and, in some cases, women from these minority groups undergo harassment from their male colleagues and bosses (Waite, 2020, p. 5). It is also essential to note that the Indigenous employees encounter intolerant and non-inclusive challenges at the workplace. Increased intolerance arises from the fact that they receive continuous humiliation till they give up on their tasks. At the same time, these individuals do not receive inclusivity benefits which affect their concentration at work. Therefore, workplace discrimination is likely to cause poor performance; hence action is needed.
Additionally, racism exists upon the Indigenous people in Canadian schools. The number of students who graduate among the Indigenous is low compared to non-indigenous peers. The same results from the fact that the Indigenous students in Canada do not have adequate access to schools and proper education. Those who manage to join schools encounter racial challenges, and they may end up dropping; hence they refuse to proceed with their studies. These are the effects that lead to a reduced graduation rate among Indigenous students. The low graduation rate among the Indigenous students results from structural oppression in schools (Harper & Thompson, 2017, p. 43). These oppressive structures may result from societal inequalities that hurt the Indigenous people. The system tends to perpetuate practices and policies that automatically disadvantage the minority group in Canada. The significant causes of oppression result from gender violence, racism, suppression of identities, and poverty among Indigenous Canadians. Therefore, appropriate dealing with this aspect of oppression in schools will require an adequate address of racism and other suppression identities.
The Canadian government needs to come to terms with its continuing legacy of oppressing Indigenous people. Travelling outside Canada relieves the Indigenous people of the racism they encounter. Whitecloud-Brass (2017, p. 21) narrated her story of how she cherished travelling outside Canada whenever they closed schools. As an Indigenous Canadian, she could be relieved of the burden of racism that she went through while in school. Indigenous racism has lasted in Canada for a long as the author narrates as she could experience it while a child and when she is now old with her career as a lawyer as she struggles to help and represent other Indigenous people before the law. She feels that the country’s historical regime is the source of all these oppressive challenges against the Indigenous Canadians (Whitecloud-Brass,2017, p. 21). Therefore, she has a view that the Canadian government reconsider its legacy of oppression upon the Indigenous.
There are various solutions to racism upon indigenous people in Canada. The Canadian government needs to abide by international human rights law, which declares all Indigenous people's rights. According to International law, the Indigenous people have equal rights to the Non-indigenous, and no one is above the law. All Indigenous people have the right to access the privacy of their cultural and religious sites. They also have a right to their religious traditions without interference from anyone else. Besides, they have a right to education just like the Non-Indigenous, and they are equal before the law (Blackstock et al., 2020, p. 5). The United Natio

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