Evaluating the Research in “The Impact of a Brief Lifestyle Intervention" (Coursework Sample)
Evaluating the Research in “The impact of a brief lifestyle intervention delivered by generalist community nurses (CN SNAP trial)” by Harris and otherssource..
Qualitative research Evaluation
Evaluating the Research in “The impact of a brief lifestyle intervention delivered by generalist community nurses (CN SNAP trial)” by Harris and others
Diabetes and other chronic diseases largely contribute to deaths and disability in Australia. According to Harris and others, behavioral factors such as alcoholism, sedentary lifestyle, smoking and nutritional habits are the major causation factors (Harris et al. 2013). Moreover, the article coins that theses chronic diseases are more prevalence in adults who have poor dietary plans, physical inactivity, and smoke and drink irresponsibly. Furthermore, Harris et al. (2013) argue that primary healthcare prevention remain the most reliable and appropriate remedy to curb risky health factors because it is easily accessible, can be manipulated effectively, and its more comprehensive in patient-centered care. Singularly, this type of intervention helps to rehabilitate victims from smoking and drug abuse, guide them on dieting, and motivating while educating them on the positive impacts of physical activities. Ultimately, the study focused on the use of 5As of methodology that consists of agreement, advice, assistance and arrangement to guide the study more effectively and with ease.
The research setting was in New South Wales, Australia; and four communities participated. Also, the quasi-experimental was the study design utilized that revolved around both early and late interventions that aimed at the group’s comparisons to achieve different study variations. Furthermore, two different intervention levels were used; the service-level intervention, and client-service level intervention (Harris et al. 2013). The service-level intervention consisted of a one-day training program to assess and manage smoking, alcohol, physical exercise niches, and nutrition and weight loss risk factors. These could be accomplished through the use of community participation nurses, role plays to simulate patients in training, and group discussions and activities.
How the Research Complies with the IRB
Professionally, the research utilized fairness, justice, equity and the best of interest notion to arrive at certified facts. The research sticks to the professionalism of study ethics such as human subjects that revolves around the respect for privacy and confidentiality, honesty, value, and handling participants in respect with the contractual consent rationale (Harris et al. 2013). For instance, the study sets equal study conditions to each participant to avoid biased treatments that breaches human dignity and rights therein. Actually, the two levels of interventions were effective in maintaining justice in research ethics. For instance, the University of Staff provided a day training program by the use of the service-level intervention that assessed and manage the SNAPW health risk factors (Astroth & Chung, 2018). In addition, group discussions were held in sessions for all participants with equal measure. Specifically, the readers design utilized the standard screening tool to deduce data that helped to formulate the client resources to all participants. Moreover, on the other hand, the client-level intervention aimed at maintaining each patient’s’ physical exercise goals in swimming, walking, jogging, and other aerobic activities for not less than 30 minutes daily. Altogether, each participant was fairly and equally subjected to diet with low fats content and lipids, sucrose and salt. Participants with highest body weights were conditioned to intense physical activities (Harris et al. 2013). Those addicted to drugs and substances were placed under rehabilitation; all these show care, fairness, respect for life, and humane aspect in research. The study methodology shows the personification of research to conceptualize and respect human rights to cater for all including the less privileged.
Lastly, the study shows that nurses employed the 5As model to evaluate the clients’ living statute. This meant that nurses had to pay more than two visits to the participants, which complicated the pass mark criteria. The only participants who qualified had to meet different conditions, and later contacted through phone contact by the lead officers.
According to Harris et al (2013), the data collection mode, measurement tools, and the research outcome were all accurate, reliable and eligible for application elsewhere in a similar study. For instance, the measurement tools were in compliance with the previous empirical studies, valid and up to date on the topic of the study. In fact, the authors accredited and acknowledged the sources used in the study in a professional manner (Houser, 2018). The main variances in the study were weight, smoking magnitude, diet, alcohol, diet, and physical activities that were recorded on a scoreboard. Further, the study reveals that fruits and vegetables were recorded daily until 7 counts were achieved. In addition, a physical activity column was created that recorded, and assessed the vigorous and moderate physical activities (Harris et al. 2013). Particularly, all the materials used were quantified and certified in respect with the human and clinical subjects in research. For instance, alcohol used was regulated and measured into average standards of drinking per day. Ultimately, after the study intervention, a 150minute administrator survey was conducted to assess the clients’ background issue.
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