Summary of Effects of environmentally relevant metformin exposure on Japanese medaka (Essay Sample)
Summary of article: Effects of environmentally relevant metformin exposure on Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes)source..
Summary of Effects of environmentally relevant metformin exposure on Japanese medaka
According to the increase in pharmaceuticals like metformin being released in aquatic ecosystem and the unknown of the effects of chronic exposure to low concentrations of metformin on non-target aquatic species, and the care of aquatic animals, the research team design the experiment about the growth of embryo-larval stages of medaka with the environment of metformin from the aspects of uptake, bioaccumulation, and depuration. They hypothesize that the metabolites between control and metformin-exposed fish would have different expressions of genes.
The researchers design three experiments to correspond to three aspects of uptake, depuration and early life stage.
For the experimental design of uptake study, the researchers assess the waterborne metformin in both embryonic, and larval stage medaka. For the trail of embryonic medaka study, the researchers assigned one of two treatments randomly to viable embryos for testing the effect of chorion hardening on uptake. They replicated treatment with 14-C metformin 3 times on 60 embryos for 24 hours with exposure beginning at either pre-chorion hardening or post-chorion hardening.
- Causes and Effects of Junk food Biological & Biomedical Sciences EssayDescription: Junk food consumption has increased drastically over the past few decades. According to a report by Borraccino et al. (2016), children in the United States derive an estimated 30 percent of their daily diet from sweetened drinks and fast foods. The immense consumption of junk food...2 pages/≈550 words| 4 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Essay |
- The ethical debate of using animals in research Biological EssayDescription: Scientific research has been the biggest contributor to human health and development. In the past several hundred years only, many discoveries have been done that have made humans to optimize their ability to treat and manage infections, live a better life, fight some of the challenges they face...5 pages/≈1375 words| 5 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Essay |
- DNA STORAGE. Biological & Biomedical Sciences EssayDescription: Dr. George Church is one Harvard’s best DNA scientists who have made groundbreaking research on DNA storage. Dr. Church believes it is possible to record, store and retrieve information on DNA molecules thereby preserving them for millions of years (Munson, 2017). ...1 page/≈550 words| 3 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Essay |