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The Ethicality of Using the Eminent Domain in Improving Harmony City (Essay Sample)

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The Ethicality of Using the Eminent Domain in Improving Harmony City

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The Ethicality of Using the Eminent Domain in Improving Harmony City
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Introduction
One of the biggest constraints behind the carrying out of several development programs in different cities and towns is the question of ethicality. City planners and city authorities often have to grapple with this issue before finally achieving their intended developments. This paper seeks to focus, critically, on the ethical issues surrounding the revamp and improvement of Harmony city.
Eminent Domain
Eminent domain refers to any of the actions taken by a state government or the state’s agency e.g. municipal authority. It involves the execution of state powers by seizing private property (that which does not belong to the state) and putting it into public use. The property could include both real and personal property (Stoebuck, Whiteman, & Cunningham, 2000). The property annexed is used either by the government, the public, for provision of social amenities, purposes of economy improvement or for public safety. The underlining factor is that the reason for seizing property should benefit the public. Proper and reasonable compensation should also be made to the owners of the property taken. (Stratton-Lake, 2002)
Harmony City and Its Background
Harmony city is a city in recession that is trying to revitalize itself after a major decrepit; a city that boasts of tourist attraction sports that include a Universe Football league team, professional baseball (plays in the minor league) and highly talented basketballers who are fast rising in success. It has a rich opera house, which is regarded one of the best in the state.
However, its manufacturing base, which formerly constituted a major economical stronghold, is no more. This dates back to the 1970s when retrenchment from the factories on the city’s east and river docks set in, resulting in dilapidation of housing and indifferences among the members of the city council services. This played a big setback more so to the Coolidge district, situated north of downtown Harmony city, who had been working in the factories since the 1950s.Currently the buildings look dilapidated due to neglect. The inhabitants now live on half pay while some are unemployed due the now closed or relocated factories. Notwithstanding, small businesses are on the rampant ranging from hardware stores to beauty shops.
Revival of Harmony City
With time, the planners and the political, economic and social leaders of Harmony city realized they had to set the city on a revamp path; a resurrection path and thus they has to come up with a viable plan for its revitalization. Millennium Visions, the largest technology firm and employer in Harmony city, offered a proposal. Through the plan, headquarters were built in Coolidge district. In addition to this, more upscale domiciles were also built. This involved razing down of buildings that did not meet the requirement of the four blocks square area in each direction rule. In achieving the goal, displacement of many small businesses and manageable housings for the low-income earners was witnessed. Moreover, acrimony between the white-collar job dwellers and blue-collar job dwellers of Coolidge district started spiraling to optimal levels sometimes. Millennium visions believed in keeping the educated in Harmony city as a priority. This led to more division among the inhabitants as the less educated members of the city felt sidelined and neglected.
In executing the plan, the council decided to embrace the eminent domain as a tool in the city’s revival program. Following this many the houses of quite a number of Coolidge City’s citizens were annexed and the owners compensated at a lower value than the appraised value.
Ethicality of the Eminent Domain on Harmony City;
Since time immemorial, the comparison between law and ethics has never relented. Laws emanate and relate to what would be ethical conduct in the societal view. Throughout this theory, breaking the law is seen as being unethical. However inevitably breaking the law is sometimes a necessary evil; it is sometime a misdeed meant for the greater good.
Harmony city for a while had been experiencing recession and eminent domain was taken as the master strategy for its revamp. So the main question is, is it ethical to implement eminent domain basin on the Harmony city case?
Yes it is; and by taking a closer look at Harmony city revitalization program, the ethicality of the matter outweighs the vices of the matter. The defining factor should be that actions taken in the name of implementing eminent domain should improve the lives of all citizens. Basing on that, the whole execution of the harmony city revamp process, though it led to some people being displaced as their apartments were replaced, the ultimate goal was to replenish the whole city to a new level for the good of all and economical upsurge of the entire city. This pins down the goodwill of eminent domain. It positive effects are far reaching. Secondly, In the U.S, eminent domain is constitutionally recognized and thus legally enforceable. Anything that is in point with the law is ethically seen to abide by the morals of the people (Nowak & Rotunda, 2004). Thus implementing eminent domain is ethical. However, these are not the only reasons. The mere fact that all the city planners and eminent persons wanted was to improve the livelihood of the whole town ma...
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