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Engineering
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The Design Of Homes That Best Fits People With Different Disabilities (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

THE DESIGN OF HOMES THAT BEST FITS PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT DISABILITIES

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Content:


HOME FOR DISABLED
NAME
INSTITUTION
The essence of this research is to provide a superb framework for the designing of living spaces that can practically accommodate the needs of people with various disabilities in a stylish, dignified and functional manner. This was because access codes that focus on dimensions and clearance that were built proved incapable of providing guidance in understanding the burning issue of multiple disabilities. Nonetheless, homes act as our castles, the place where one feels free to be in. Unfortunately, when disability strikes, homes become some prison presenting every sort of barrier, frustration and peril at every turn. It is critical for the people living with disability to adapt and acquire new skills and also for the people living with them to provide support as well as assistance to the disabled in the family (Imrie & Hall, 2003). However, many people are reluctant to invest in upgrades in the houses that provide a living advantage and adaptability to the disabled persons.
Introduction
Disability is a result of persons with impairments interacting with the attitudinal and environmental barriers that act as a hindrance for their full and effective participation in the society on an equal basis with the others. It is very advisable to erect structures in the form of house that will ensure that the disabled people in the community can live comfortably in their own homes. This is because the disabled in the community has for a long time been ignored and neglected to lead to their inability to live comfortably among the other members of the community. Their homes can be designed by four major principles which include; location, transport, Understandable, safe regarding usability and manageable and affordable and flexible regarding the cost and adaptability over time.
Accessibility
All people at one point are in need of accessible homes or themselves, their families or even their friends. At least 3 out of 100 babies are born with defects arising from genetic disorders or even problems during birth. This results in mental or even physical disabilities. These children will then requite special houses that will help them to overcome the disabilities in the new environment that they are born in. Accessible homes are not so much different from the other homes. The only difference is that they have a sunny open feeling due to the existence of fewer walls between common areas. They have wider doorways and taller windows.
A comfortable flow is created by floors between living areas making it easy to clean the rooms (Guillet, Bouchard & Bouzouane, 2013). The kitchen is efficient with compact storage and sleek working areas. Bathrooms are more spacious than those in the traditional homes. The air windows are operable thus providing good air quality. The building is then fitted with simple acoustic features that block noise and enhance communication thus creating a good sound quality. Provision of even and glare-free illumination provided by electrical features. There is a selection of finish materials for general use and attractiveness. The house is designed to reduce falls that creating an element of safety. The house is durable, well designed and skillfully constructed thus reducing maintenance. Accessible homes are future homes that everyone wants to live in
Location
Approach and Arrival
Entrance
Large porches do not define their effectiveness. The landing should be simply covered which defines the entrance that protects from the weather as one enters the home. Its basic planning module is the footprint of a wheelchair, at 30 in. By 48 in (Guillet, Bouchard & Bouzouane, 2013). Such a site is best when it is set away from meanders and with clearly separated boundaries that do not have meanders. This provides a space where the disabled person can pick up mails, take out the trash and join family and friends in outdoor activities.
Site Planning
Should commence before the home design is set in concrete. Circulation for pedestrians to and around the house and wheel mobility devices for automobiles should be taken into account. Sun angles and natural topography should be considered to control snow building and rain runoff. There should be a network of pathways that link outdoor activity centres. Where the land slope is steep, ramps and gentle steeps should be built. The light should be added for visibility (Guillet, Bouchard & Bouzouane, 2013). Maintenance should be reduced by via provision of proper drainage, durable paving and sturdy native plants
Designing Of the Functional Driveway and Parking Area
Parking
Some provisions for disabled people are provided for the parking of the vehicles. They include; Surface parking for two car spaces is provided with a maximum travel distance of 100 ft. From the building entrance for the physically disabled people, the width of parking for the parking bay shall be minimum 11 feet, notification that space is made for wheelchair users shall be displayed, guiding floor materials, devices which guide visually impaired people or other devices which serve the same purpose shall be provided. A typical automobile store is 8ft by 20ft, and side loading vans that require a stall width of 11ft. Manoeuvring spaces should be designed to avoid long backups and extensive Y-turns. Distinguish driveway edges to prevent the vehicle from driving off the paving. The vehicle should be measured accordingly to estimate the size of the parking area. A space for accessible passenger loading should also be provided.
Walkways should be at least 3ft. Wide with a turning area of at least 5ft for people with wheeled mobility (Guillet, Bouchard & Bouzouane, 2013). To favour those that are visually impaired, the texture should be distinct, and the place should be free of obstacles. Special attention should be paid to walkway edges to prevent obstruction or sliding of the wheelchair or even navigational canes.
Lighting
During the day, shadows created by the natural sunlight may create shadows that can never be distinguished from holes by the visually impaired people or people with people with brain injuries in the society thus making them step off the pathway. Therefore, natural shadings of plants and buildings should be considered when pathways for travel are being designed. Light fixtures for even illumination should be chosen. Also, outdoor light with motion sensors should be chosen for hand free path of travel
Landing
Accessible entrance starts with a landing which enables wheeled mobility not to roll back or even the people from stepping off as the door is opening. The landing needs to be large enough for the people to reach the door hardware and also to step a...

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