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Comparison Of Dhowli By Mahasweta Devi & Kite Streamers By Wang Meng (Essay Sample)


the task was to compare the themes in two given books.what is in this sample is the comparison of the type of themes cut across the texts.


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English Literature
"Dhowli" by Mahasweta Devi and "Kite Streamers” by Wang Meng using
Mankind condition in the contemporary world is a truly inexhaustible foundation of stories and tales. There is always a sense of one tale being more striking than the others. Even when the stories approach a single theme, there will always a different since authors tend to handle the ideas from different points of views and angles. This will drive the characters to have diverse emotions hence launching an influence in the nature of the stories and tales. This is the case of Dhowli by Mahasweta Devi and Kite Streamers by Wang Meng. These stories in real sense are two different stories, but they reveal certain similarities in their themes and main ideas approach. Both stories tend to be strongly emotional and they reveal the kind of struggles and frustrations humankind encounter in the social conditions. This paper main intent is to review and address the comparison and contrast in the themes that cut across Dhowli and Kite Streamers stories. The main concern is on the themes of love, poverty, and death.
A theme of Love in Dhowli by Mahasweta Devi. Dhowli itself is a terrible love story concerning the son of Brahman landlord and untouchable widow Dusad girl (Dhowli). The affection between this two characters was prohibited but they decided to overcome the social and cultural barriers just to be together. Dhowli understands very well that her social condition cannot be overcome, but she is optimisms for a fruitful relationship beyond the societal castes (Mahasweta, pp. 12-17). Caste system calls for its member to make love and intermarry within their caste. Any violation of this attracted excommunication from the family and the caste. This is the price that Dhowli had to pay in the pursuit of love (Mahasweta, p. 19). Their love finally bore a child but due to the social caste Brahmans neglected Dhowli. This becomes a burden for Dhowli since the child needs to be fed. In the end, this has become her weakness and strength as well as motivation to continue with life as a prostitute.
Kite streamer on the other hand also expresses the theme of love through the characters Fan Susu and Jiayuan. The two characters are seen in the story busy working in their places of works. Both characters live in the city of Beijing (Meng, pp.8-13). Susu is a waitress at a Muslim Canteen whereas Jiayuan has been recently hired to repair umbrellas. The two falls in love but have no place to meet or rather a place to stay with each other having in mind that the city is very crowded everywhere. Jiayuan demonstrates to Susu that humans should be more than just the jobs they do. A hail storm comes through the city and the two lovebirds go to the top floor where they are finally and happy (Meng, pp.15-17). This end when they are accused of being thieves by the residents until they are rescued by former Susu classmate. At the end of the story, they are seen kissing and being happy even if they do not have a place to live
A second theme that span across the two stories is Poverty. In Dhowli story, Dhowli totally perceives her poverty in the context of the wealth and richness of the people that she and her mother work for. Dhowli's father, in particular, had been a land laborer throughout his lifetime and he was enforced by his situation to get a loan from the Brahman for him to be able to marry his daughter (Mahasweta, p.23). That made him work until his death to repay the loan. After his death, his daughter (Dhowli) and wife relied on the landlords for labor and leftovers of food. In essence, Dhowli's poverty is contextual and it span through the time. Dhowli being a young girl as she was had to survive on picking fruits from the ground and showing them to the landlady for approval to have the home.
Poverty in the Kite Streamers by Wang Meng can also be expressed through the lives of the two main characters Jiayuan and Susu (Meng, p. 43). The two characters mode of living and lives standards expresses the theme of poverty effectively. Despite living in the city of Beijing, they did not have a place to live. Susu is a waitress in one of the Muslim Canteen but she is paid peanut such that she is not able to even get a place on her own. Jiayuan is unemployed but finally, he got a job to repair umbrellas. Beijing city is represented in the story as being very crowded with too many people. Overcrowding of people is directly linked to poverty. Fan Susu and Jiayuan are seen in the story struggling to get a place to meet so that they can express affection for each other. Their love was, however, successively even if they are in extreme poverty.
Finally, the third theme that cut across both stories is Death. In Dhowli, death concept is encountered in the cases of Dhowli's hubby and the demise of her father. Both deaths have affected her entire life in the whole story. Her father death left her family in the slavery in the hands of untouchable, Brahman. The death of her husbands, on the other hand, creates a vacuum in her life and she developed a desire to look for another love. This led her to prostitution as a result of the hostile community and excommunication that she faced as a result of going against the castes conditions. Another case of death in Dhowli is the constant threat to her life, child and her mother through the starvations. This could easily lead to the death in broader view.
Death in the Kate Streamers by Wang Meng is expressed through the deaths of Mao Zedong. And his grandmother. Mao Zedong is a communisms who at the beginning of the story is pictured being very strong in his leader's role. His health depreciated over the time leading to incapability in the execution of his roles. This in return causes a major fail in the communism in Beijing. Failed communism in the story is attributed to failed potential, the red dream turns to black and depreciation and the death of Mao. Both Mao and his grandmother were determined to go to graduate school but death cut their dreams short.
Comparing the theme of love in both stories, much can be drawn from the stories. Both stories cover the theme extensively the way it should be. However, love ends in different angle as dictated by settings

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