Development of a Community Health Promotion Program (Essay Sample)
The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with an opportunity to develop a health promotion program. Your program will address the community health diagnosis you identified in Assignment 3. The program must incorporate two health promotion approaches and will demonstrate an understanding of community planning, implementation, evaluation and the role of the community health nurse. Please note you are not expected to carry out the health promotion program that you develop.
Describe your target community and provide the rational for the development of a community health promotion program. >
Based on your community diagnosis from Assignment 3, outline a plan for a health promotion program that incorporates two health promotion approaches. These health promotion approaches can include but are not limited to community social action, community development, social planning, community organizing, service extension (see Planning a Community Health Program chapter in your text).
Formulate an overarching goal and 3-4 specific objectives related to the planned health promotion program. It should include a rational for the goals and objectives as well as outcome measures necessary in the evaluation of the program.
Hint: Consider using a program logic model or similarly structured overview (as an appendix) to present the program goals, objectives and outcome data in detail.
Evaluate two selected health promotion approaches. Include rational for incorporating these approaches and provide an overview of each approach in the assessment, planning and evaluation phases of the planned health promotion program.
Summarize the strengths and limitations of these two approaches in relation to your health promotion program.
Explain the role of the community health nurse within the planned health promotion program.
Each element of the assignment guidelines is addressed.
Ability to analyze, evaluate, create, and engage in critical inquiry is evident throughout.
Adheres to APA current addition scholarly format - limit of 8 pages (excluding title, reference, and appendix pages).
Submit your completed assignment to your tutor via the Assignment 4 Dropbox on the course home page.
Development of a Community Health Promotion Program
Development of a Community Health Promotion Program
Pennel et al., (2016) define community health improvement as a long term, systematic effort to identify public health-related issues based on studies or evaluation findings of a given community health improvement program. This essay follows a previous community diagnosis developed in assignment 3. The main objective of this assignment is to develop a community health promotion program and identify community planning and implementation strategies. This paper begins with a description of the target community and its diagnosis. The second part identifies the aim of this community health promotion program, its goals, tasks and resources relevant to the scheduled promotion program. This study will use the heart disease and Stroke Prevention (HDSP) Program Model for evaluation. The next section will highlight the reasons for developing these community health promotion programs. This section will also highlight the program operations and the social-economic implications. The paper will examine the strengths and limitations of two different health promotion models for bringing about change and promoting health in the target community. Lastly, the paper will explore the role of community health nurses in implementing the strategies and initiatives in the developed health promotion program.
1. Community Diagnosis
A study by Jackson, McGibbon & Waldron (2013) posits that the high rates of cardiovascular diseases, heart diseases, stroke, drug abuse, alcoholism, crime and suicide are directly linked to systemic racism and colonial history. On the other hand, Dai et al., (2021) study found out that the rates of cardiovascular diseases, heart diseases, and stroke among Black Canadians, or African Canadians, are people of African or Caribbean ancestry who live in Canada living in poor urban neighbourhoods, are almost two times that of black communities living in middle class or rich neighbourhoods. Therefore, as a result of colonial history and intergenerational racism that resulted in a disproportional representation of the Black children among child welfare programs (Pon, Gosine & Phillips, 2011), lower literacy and education attainment, unemployment and social stigmas, there have been an increasing number of black youths in the streets, temporal housing and other poor neighbourhoods in Ontario. This also affects how they think and communicate with the rest of the world (Government of Canada, 2020). The black population has increased tremendously over the last decades, and they represent a rich and varied history, culture, landscape and understanding. This community health promotion program will be termed the Ubuntu Program. Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning 'humanity to others’. Developing programs that bring people together is key to improving community health and wellness (Minkler, Wallerstein & Wilson,2008).
2. Program logic model
Fielden et al., (2007) defines a logic model as a visual representation of programs, aims, indicators, operations, outcomes and resources. A program logic model highlights how various aspects of a program are linked and helps stakeholders integrate the program and its planning and evaluation activities. Fielden et al., (2007) further adds that the logic model helps connect information collected during the community assessment phase and the diagnosis made during the analysis stage.
3. Rationale for the program
Ngué-No & McKie (2022) argues that colonialism and systemic racism promoted by child welfare programs significantly damaged the black community's cultural and distinctive identification. On the other hand, substance abuse, smoking, poor diets, stress and depression are prevalent lifestyle risk factors that affect heart disease in Canada (Chiu et al.,2010). Secondly, the inequalities in the health system have significantly impacted and continue to influence black Canadian health and wellness (Jackson, McGibbon & Waldron, 2013). The current healthcare policies do not adequately address the varied cultural needs of the low-income urban black populations. Subsequently,
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