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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Infectious Disease Paper Health, Medicine, Nursing Essay (Essay Sample)


Apply the concepts of population health and epidemiology to the topic.
Synthesize Course content from Weeks 1-5 according to the following sections:
Introduction: Analysis of the communicable disease (causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment) to include demographic break down that includes age, gender, race, or other at-risk indicators (da ta per demographics should include mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence).
Determinants of Health: Define, identify and synthesize the determinants of health as related to the development of the infection. Utilize HP2020.
Epidemiological Triad: Identify and describe all elements of the epidemiological triad: Host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Utilize the demographic break down to fur ther describe the triad.
Role of the NP: Succinctly define the role of the nurse practitioner according to a national nurse practitioner organization ( National Board of Nursing or AANP, for example) and synthesize the role to the management of infectious diseases (surveillance, primary/secondary/tertiary interventions, reporting, data collecting, data analysis, and follow-up). This includes the integration of a model of practice which supports the implementation of an evidence-based practice. 
Preparing the paper
Submission Requirements
Application: Use Microsoft Word™ to create the written assessment.
Length: The paper (excluding the title page and reference page) should be limited to a maximum of four (4) pages. Papers not adhering to the page length may be returned to you for editing to meet the length guidelines .
A minimum of three (3) scholarly research/literature references must be used. CDC or other web sources may be utilized but are not counted towards the three minimum references required. Your course text may be used as an additional resource but is not included in the three minimum scholarly references.


Infectious Disease Paper
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Infectious Disease Paper
COVID-19 is a highly infectious respiratory disease that results from contact with the novel coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Infections were first observed in Wuhan, China in December 2019, after which the virus quickly spread across the world. Typical symptoms are fever, sore throats, headaches, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, and chills (World Health Organization, 2020). The disease is airborne and the SARS-CoV-2 can remain viable on surfaces for as long as nine days (Tsui, Deng, & Pan, 2020). The transmission mode of the virus necessitates social distancing, wearing masks, and proper hygiene to reduce its spread.
COVID-19 symptoms can present as mild, severe, or critical. Most people with a mild form recover within two weeks of treatment. Patients with severe cases may exhibit dyspnea and lung infiltrates higher than 50% of the lung field in the first 48 hours (WHO, 2020). Patients suffering from critical COVID-19 may develop respiratory failure, organ failure, or septic shock. No cure is available for COVID-19 yet. However, treatment to manage the symptoms of the infection include antiviral treatment and monoclonal antibodies (Jiang, Zhang, Yang, Hotez, & Du, 2020; Patel, Nori & Stevens, 2020). These drugs are administered in severe cases via intravenous infusion. The WHO recommends home-based self-care for mild and asymptomatic cases. According to the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (2021), Pfizer and Moderna developed two viable COVID-19 vaccines. Three other pharmaceutical companies, namely Astrazeneca, Janssens and Novavax, have COVID-19 vaccines that are in phase 3 clinical trials. Both approved vaccines produce COVID-19 immunity because body cells react to the vaccine by producing a protein that protects against the virus.

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