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China and Islamic Civilizations (Essay Sample)


Compare and contrast China and the Islamic world as third-wave civilizations. Are they mostly similar or mostly different?
In your essay, compare and contrast the two civilizations according to the main ideas in Strayer’s “Big Picture” essay which starts Part 3 of the text. Use the three main points in that essay as your points of comparison and contrast: 1) the idea of “new” and “old” civilizations; 2) transregional interaction through trade; and 3) transregional interaction through empire.
Respond to the question asked with an expository essay (one that makes a claim and backs it up).
Use specific historical evidence that demonstrates knowledge of our course work:
terms, dates, geography, ideas
from lectures, readings, and discussions.
Your evidence must include primary sources from “Working with Evidence” or “Thinking through Sources”:
Two different sources from two different chapters (use the actual historical source, not the introduction to the source);
Demonstrate reflection on both sources (quotations are welcome from written primary sources);
Use citations as described in the World History Essay Guidelines.
Write clearly and cohesively.
Follow the World History Essay Guidelines:


China and Islamic Civilizations
Civilizations play a crucial role in defining and shaping the contemporary world. The majority of present-day life aspects trace their root in ancient civilizations. The main drivers of third-wave civilization are the inclination towards an economic and cultural association between businesses, organizations, and people globally coupled with trade, technology, and communication. Two of the most recent and third-wave civilizations are China and Islamic civilizations. The two civilizations grew mainly from long-distance trade and religion and technological innovations such as saddles, yokes, and stirrups. China and Islamic civilizations are similar in two main ways; they both expanded transregional interaction through trade and expanded transregional interaction through the empire.
The main difference between the Islamic and Chinese revolutions is that the Chinese civilization occurred first during the second wave of civilization before its collapse and reemergence during the third wave of civilization. The Islamic civilization took place purely during the third wave becoming the new civilization birthed through religion. The disintegration of the Han dynasty during the 220 century led to the dissolution of china and later gave rise to powerful local families. Unlike most civilizations that grew from a political setup, the Islamic civilization was devoid of the political system with a predominant cultural influence across the globe (Strayer & Nelson, 2019, p. 358). Islamic civilization is credited as the most significant and ingenious of third-wave civilizations.
Islamic civilization was instrumental in expanding transregional interaction through trade as it served as a medium through which goods, food products, and technologies were exchanged (Strayer & Nelson, 2019, p. 385). The Afro-Eurasian region, which practiced Islam and was composed of Arabic speakers, grew into a trading zone guided by the sharia law that spelled the modus operandi of commerce. Also, agricultural practices and products extended from one terrain to another. Some of the food crops that spread due to Islamic civilization included: rice, lemons, sugarcane, apricots, figs, oranges, artichoke, bananas, and almonds (Strayer & Nelson, 2019, p. 386). Furthermore, new water technologies were deployed in arid and semi-arid areas, Tunisia, Yemen, Spain, Sahara, and Morocco, giving birth to the “Islamic Green Revolution” (Strayer & Nelson, 2019, p. 386). Similarly, the Chinese civilization also propelled transregional interaction through trade. The economic prosperity of china was made possible by the Song dynasty characterized by increased agricultural production, especially the Vietnam rice. Other products found their way within china and other regions were vegetables, meat, and herbs (Strayer & Nelson, 2019, p. 321). The industrial and technological revolution enhanced China’s economic growth with its network of canals and rivers facilitating the movement of goods from one region to another. Chinese products such as silk, lacquerware, and porcelain found ready markets in East Africa, Japan, and the Eurasian region.
The Islamic and China civilization played the same role in the expansion of transregional interaction through the empire. The birth of Islam revolutionized the Afro-Eurasian region transforming it into an Arabian empire stretching to Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Persia, and Byzantine. The growth of the Arabian empire led to concurring of Roman and Persian

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