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Toward Poststructuralist Geographies: Chapter 22 - Critical Geopolitics, Chapter 23 - Logics of Dislocation (Essay Sample)
read the attached pdf files and paraphrase it to approximately 650-700 words keeping the same content.source..
Toward Poststructuralist Geographies
According to Cresswell (2013), since 1980s and 1990s, human geography has seen a propagation of perspectives of theory. The modern human geography has ignored the past arguments. Postmodernism involves the thinking that denies metanarratives, essence and foundations that shut down a research on huge theoretical changes. It appears that the contemporary society is composed of people interested in self-made theories and abjections to those propounded by others. Some geographers are putting into consideration the choices made by human beings over small matters. However, others like Marxists disregard the issue as being unimportant. These questions belong to structure as well as agency.
Structuralisms basically entail a body of thought and works in culture and language. Disciplines can depict various forms of structuralism. During the 1980s, the struggle between agency and structure started being worked upon by geographers. Time geographies are concerned with routes in space and time of individuals as well as groups. From birth to death, an individual has spatial and temporal attributes which are premises of time geography. Contextual explanations can be provided by geographers through time geography. Necessary ideas are usually intertwined by critical realism. Structuration theory integrates agency and structure in human geography. However, it cannot account for daily happenings.
Key Texts, Chapter 22 "Critical Geopoliticsâ€
In Critical Geopolitics gives an exhaustive challenge to the conventional geopolitics, formulated as theories and acts of statecraft. First and foremost, critical Geopolitics first examines geopoliticsâ€™ tradition via the work of its main proponents at the onset of 20th century. The book ends by presenting a discussion about changing geopolitics nature, particularly technological influence and media, contending for critical analysis need.
The approach of Critical geopolitics seeks to assess how international politics exist being abstract spatially or physically, and by doing this in in order to reveal the politics concerned in writing global space geography. Great power exists to those whose explanations and maps of world politics are actually accepted as correct and precise due to the influence they have on understanding the world. Consequently, the very understandings have thoughtful effects on succeeding political practices. Critical geopolitics has included studies of the language of statecraft language have been included in critical geopolitics and foreign policies. This is in order to show the spatial imagination of international politics and to expose the politics included in the process. Critical Geopolitics opened a space for discussions in political geography to address the function of an account and discourse.
Key Texts, Chapter 23 "Logics of Dislocationâ€
The dislocation begins by a thoughtful statement, that is, no central idea that can guide the economic geography sub-discipline or any knowledge production project. The variety of writings and disciplines linked by Logics is also tiring. Apart from geography writings, Barnes engages significantly with other subjects. In chapter one, Barnes spells out important concepts underpinning the book. He explains how Enlightenment as well as post-Enlightenment thoughts are different. Enlighten thinking four concepts namely; the conviction that development can be achieved via science and rationality applications, the conviction that people are autonomous, self-consciousness and decision making, the conviction that order existed in natural as...
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