The Ability of Small Cities to Survive Major Wars Essay (Essay Sample)
Explain the ability of small states to survive wars with major powers (You must cite Text Book）
Cite only from the textbook (Europe's Last Summer Who Started the Great War in 1914 - David Fromkin).
Cite lecture and class readings where appropriate (points will be deducted otherwise):
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The ability of Small Cities to Survive Major Wars
The Serbian government had been inclined as being defiant. Ministers thrashed things that came out to be more in a more realistic mood (pp 196). Serbian leaders realized that the only way they could gain stability was by combining their neutral powers. This could save them in a very great way. More so, Australia Hungary outsiders accepted all the conditions.
Berchtold took the position that his notification to Serbia was never an ultimatum since the war declaration never followed the automatic expiry time limit. Berchtold told the Russians that the break of the relations with Austria and Serbia could not necessarily cause the war. He insisted that their demands would result in peaceful solutions.
Sir Edward Grey wrote, saying that he was anxious to prevent the war and its consequences. The leading military of Germany together with the Chancellor, the Kaiser, and the foreign secretary were on leave, but they returned from Berlin now and then mostly secretly. This aided in keeping the military officers more and well informed. Besides, there were movable secret conferences where discussions of acquiring stability were held. The chancellors, together with his civilian colleagues, conducted a holding operation. They asked for more time for their plans. The overlapping leaders from Germany were among the several officials that debated on the issues of war and peace after they returned from vacation. Moltke himself was pessimistic, and he feared Germany and argued to start a war against Russia before the Czar rearmed and modernized his empire. He wanted Europe destroyed to avoid wars which would destabilize his city. Another way that brought stability of his empire, Moltke advocated for the alliance with Australia, he then developed a good personal relationship with the opposite members of the Australia Hungary. This would prevent opposition. Additional Moltke had another great secret which he could not even share with the Kaiser or the Kaiser’s chief. The plan was for seizing the fortress of the Liege in Belgium. Without this, the invasion of Belgium and German would fail, which result in the war (pp 104). We would see that Moltke in one way or another played a vital in helping his empire to survive the war. In Russia, Nickson chose one out of the two expedients he had since if he applied both, they could interfere with one another. He proposed to convey a conference in London of the ambassadors of the powers which were not involved including the France, Italy and Germany meeting with Britain whereby the quarrels between Serbia and Austria Hungary would be solved peacefully.
Moreover, during and after the Balkan wars, the foreign minister for Austria Hungary decided that his nation would only survive if Serbia were crushed and also eliminated as a political factor. He insisted Germany to keep Russia from interfering as the large Austria Hungary crushed little Serbia.
In 1912, he was elected as an alter ego where he took charge of the political aspects of the presidency. He was alone in understanding the results and consequences of the Balkan wars. He sensed that the war would threaten the stability and peace of the world. To avoid these dangers, he proposed to go to Europe and negotiate the creation of a new international structure which could bring a lasting peace within all great powers. House always availed himself whenever needed in discussing issues concerning the war. He persuaded Britain and German to merge with the United States for the sake of peacekeeping. This could assist in preventing major wars (pp 106).
Andrew Camegie, who was a steel magnate and among the wealthiest men, pursued a project that its main aim was to ask for alliance Teutonic nations. He and House believed that they would get support from the British government for their schemes, and the principal aim was to acquire the support of the Kaiser (pp 107). House decided to ship to Germany to maintain peace. On May 29, he wrote a letter to the president saying that the condition was awful and that the chances of bettering the conditions were almost impossible (pp 167). He requests the president to join in and take charge in the events since no one in Europe could do it. House insisted that Germany must stop expanding its navy so that the war could be weakened (pp 108). House decided to hold a meeting with the Germany rulers in which he achieved. On 1st June, the meeting took place and was escorted with parades, religious festivals, medals awarding, among others. House got an opportunity of meeting privately with Kaiser. They discussed all the issues which could affect the Anglo Saxon race. House persuaded Kaiser that Germany should abandon its challenge to the naval powers of British. This would prevent Britain from allying itself with Russia. He wanted Germany, United States, and Europe to come together to maintain peace of the world. After leaving Germany, he went to London where he wanted negotiations. In 1914, persuaded the Austria and Germany staff chiefs whereby they discussed wars.
Serbian city was another small city which was affected by the great wars. It formed a principle which was known as “Black Hand” in 1911 March 3 by a group of seven nationalists who protested the 1908 to 1908 Bosnian crisis results( pp 123). The Serbian government converted sponsored nationalist organizations to large cultural society. The Black Hand helped in carrying on the struggle. The Black Hand invaded Narodha Odbrana and other organizations. It comprised of leading factions in the military. It was represented in the government. The organization comprised of supreme nationalist politicians and militant army officers. Black Hand pursued goals which differed from the Principe’s. The Principe created a federation for uniting Slovenia, Slavic, and Croatia (pp 124). Apis who was ruling by then persuaded dismissal of Pasic since he was contributed to the conflicts which led to wars. Russia, the intervened. On June 2 the Black Hand Executive committee convened. The held an informal meeting representing the organization. For various reasons, they immediately called for abortion of the mission. Though it failed, Apis went ahead and dispatched the go-between with the Princip group to Bosnia; there he met with a technical coordinator for the assassination group.
Vienna declared war on Serbia on July 289 pp 299). The chief of staff sent half of his army to the Serbian frontier. He also sent another half in reserve for its back up. The Austrians realized that they and their Germany ally were working at cross purposes. Moltke, together with his colleagues, decided to assume a campaign with their colleagues in Berlin for that given time and instead decided to send a troop of his army to the Russian frontier. Conrad tried of the means to cash the Germanys check before Germany had a time of withdrawing. Conrad intended to launch the invasion of Serbia. He wrote a letter saying that he wanted to conduct operations against Serbia to keep Russia from engaging in the war. Both Conrad and Moltke had fully coordinated all their plans for the war. They had proposed using one other for their purposes. Serbia was supported by the Balkan Kingdom. Serbian war bounded Austria in remaining faithful to Germany in its war against France and Russia. They accomplished this goal and became stable in 1914 1st August. But according to Conrad’s perspective, Serbian had not served its purpose. Therefore he opened weeks of the two interrelated wars. He ordered all his soldiers to ride the trains to the South instead of the North. By doing so, he stole a fleeting chance for his country to partici
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