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Management
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Basic Activities That Comprise The Management Process (Essay Sample)

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Write an essay on the following topic: What are the four basic activities that comprise the management process? How are they related to one another?

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Content:

WHAT ARE THE FOUR BASIC ACTIVITIES THAT COMPRISE THE MANAGEMENT PROCESS? HOW ARE THEY RELATED TO ONE ANOTHER?
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Effective management is the core foundation of any successful business or organization. However, the management profession is not easy process; therefore, managers face stringent challenges of solving problems in their organizations. It is unarguably evident that the smooth running of any organization requires an effective implementation of the core management concepts. Management books contain extensive discussion on the organizational management theories, but the process approach is the most accepted, and it proves to offer an efficient solution to the challenges. The approach comprises of the basic roles of management, which include “planning, organizing, leading, and controlling” that are related to one another through influence.[.T. Brevis, P. J. Smit, and G. J. Cronje, "Introduction to Principles of Management," in Management principles: A contemporary edition for Africa (Lansdowne [Cape Town: Juta, 2002), 31.]
Planning is the first function of management process where specific strategies are set up to achieve a particular goal. Several stages of decision-making take place and workers are involved in decision making to bring in more ideas that would lead to valuable insight. The employees generate new ideas, thus assisting the planning process. For example, scholars show that employee involvement in decision-making opens up new methods of solving problems. Once managers have set goals and established how best to achieve them, organizing function follows.[.Schraeder, Mike, Dennis R. Self, Mark H. Jordan, and Ron Portis."The Functions of Management as Mechanisms for Fostering Interpersonal Trust." Advance in Business Research 5, no. 1 (2014): 50-62. Accessed October 4, 2016.http://journals.sfu.ca/abr/index.php/abr/article/viewFile/71/91] [.Yun Zhang, "Study on the Innovational Function of the Management," IJBM 4, no. 6 (June 2009):doi:10.5539/ijbm.v4n6p147. ]
The organizing function involves the establishment of an organizational structure and allocating human resources to perform tasks, which were established at the planning stage. Therefore, managers play a critical role in determining the duties and responsibilities of individual jobs. The plan is put into action by establishing how best to develop individual tasks to use human resources. Managers assign employees tasks to accomplish the organizational objective. Scholars have found that investment in management systems and structures into production, distribution, and sales compose the total capitals. The production of each worker adds to the success of the organization. After assigning workers’ tasks, they proceed to accomplish them.[. Brevis, Smit, and Cronje, Management principles.] [. Zhang, “Study on the Innovational Function of the Management,”]
Leading is motivating and influencing to inspire the action taken by others. It involves getting employees to work together in performing the tasks assigned to the organizing function. The leading function helps the management to supervise the staff and to guide them towards the achievement of the organizational goals. Motivation theory shows that effective employee motivation inspires employees put productive energies into action, thus accomplishing the organizational objectives. Studies have shown that trust plays a valuable role in job attitude in any work environment. Therefore, effective leadership support and organizational commitment lead to job satisfaction yielding to high employee output.[.Brevis, Smit, and Cronje, Management principles.] [. Schraeder, “The Functions of Management as Mechanisms for Fostering Interpersonal Trust,”]
Controlling is the fourth function of the management process, which entails monitoring the organizational progress towards the attainment of its goals. It measures and evaluates the outcome of planning, organizing, and leading f...
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