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Harvard
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History
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Legacy Of The Black Panther Organization: Critical Challenges (Essay Sample)

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Legacy of the Black Panther Organization

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The legacy of the Black Panther Organization
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Introduction
The Black Panther Party originally referred to as the Black Panther Party for Self Defense was a the most vibrant known black political revolutionary movement in America, founded in 1966 by two gentlemen, Bobby Saele and Huel Newton. The main aim and objective of the organization were to stiffly arm its members and thereafter challenge police brutality which was rampant in Oakland and California. Moreover, among other goals and visions included: curbing other civil injustices by engaging community social programs as well as offering free breakfast to children and establishing health clinics for secluded black immigrants.[Deburg Van, William L. New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Power (1965-1975). (University of Chicago press publishers). p. 155]
Competing Legacies of the BPP
The main philosophical ideologies that guided the Black Panther Party were: Maoism, Marxism- Leninism, revolutionary socialism, anti- racism, anti- imperialism, anti- fascism and Black Nationalism. Essentially, racism was the main discrimination challenge against the black people who were at the time being denied their citizenship rights after World War II and after they migrated out of the South of California. They urged that in a bid to end the racial discrimination, a strategic mechanism to economically empower the black communities would trigger for a strong movement which would mobilize to numerous member for registrations.[Peniel Joseph Waiting ‘Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. (2006). Henry Holt Publishers: p. 219]
The early problems that plagued the Black Panther Party in Oakland
The formation of the group was not as smooth but had critical challenges. As soon as it was instituted, Huey Newton the Party's principal leader got arrested in October 28, 1967 on murder charges. This was after an encounter with the Oakland police where it was alleged that one policeman had been killed and another bloodily injured. Thereafter, the roles of the other leaders thereby changed.[Murch, Donna . Living For The City: Migration, Education, and the Rise of the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California. University of North Carolina press (2010)]
What sort of events that cemented the reputation for violence in the media?
The media covered a lot on violence and especially on the said revolution agenda. The primary reason was to feature the cruelty of Americans police officers to the black party members; who would mercilessly kill a

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