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The Age Of Enlightenment: Changes In Science And Philosophy In Europe (Essay Sample)


The paper discusses the enlightenment age.


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Age of Enlightenment
The Age of Enlightenment also commonly known as the Age of Reason refers to the 18th century, during which science, philosophy, communication, and politics in Europe changed significantly. The Age was a movement whose members aimed at enhancing human intellect and culture after what was seen as previous dark eras. The Enlightenment began in Europe and later spread to North America and is regarded as the primary catalyst for the French and American revolutions and was characterized by the rise of reason, liberty, and scientific growth (Szalay). The end of the Age of Enlightenment in the early 1800s paved the way for Romanticism in the 19th century. The Enlightenment and its concepts have been found to play a significant role in the social and economic development as can be seen in modernism in the present society.
The Enlightenment movement originated from Western Europe during the first half of the 17th century taking over from the scientific revolution which occurred in the early 1600s. Enlightenment is seen to have begun in England in the 1680s, and during which scholars Isaac Newton and John Locke published books which provided philosophical, scientific, and mathematical components that promoted the Enlightenment ideals. The movement spread throughout the world and had a tremendous effect on human thinking and view of the world, culture, politics, and religion (Strayer & Nelson 45). The peak of the Enlightenment was the French revolution which was violent affecting how people viewed the movement despite the positive transformation it had brought to the society.
The Enlightenment movement was enabled by the presence of several elites who formulated the various ideologies that were in line with the aims of the campaign. People who subscribed to the Enlightenment idea devised a different view of the physical world and the society (Strayer & Nelson 45). The drivers of the Enlightenment idea believed the concept of reason would lead to an entirely different world which they anticipated. Some of the most influential individuals in the enlightenment are Isaac Newton and John Locke, scholars who made scholarly developments in philosophy and science. Locke was a senior member of the Enlightenment and had made a series of critical contributions in philosophy, politics, and religion in ensuring that there are changes in the society. In theory, Locke was of the opinion that a person could gain knowledge by reasoning and making judgments based on experience. Locke's contribution to religion states that although biblical miracles exhibit some aspects of divinity, through logic, a person can choose to believe them or not (Age of Enlightenment). In politics, Locke was against the then prevailin

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