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Understanding the Foreign Relations and Policy (Essay Sample)


the task was about discussing foreign relations and policy. basically analyzing a video on Benito Mussolini.


Contemporary History
Foreign policy or foreign relations refers to how a government deals with other countries. It includes aspects of trade and public relations to safeguard the interests of the citizens and the nation at large. Benito Mussolini rose to power in Italy as the most devastating dictator in the world. He almost brought the country to its knee with selfish means without considering the people's lives (Iodice & Emilio, 11). The video has some aspects that align with foreign policy. For instance, Benito wanted the country to have a one-party without an opposition. Dictatorship is the form of government where one person possesses absolute powers without limitation from a constitution. It means there is no room for opposition leaders to engage with matters of national concern. Opposition leaders are the government's watchdogs, where they ensure the national government performs its duty to protect the nation.
The foreign policy of a country is formulated to safeguard and promote national interest with other countries. It is a direct reflection of the values and overall policies, and self-perception. In 1940, during the First World War, Benito Mussolini ordered the invasion of fellow countries where it had some challenges breaking the rule of foreign policy. When a country is at war, there are no social and economic developments where relationships are broken, leading to the failure of traditional values. In the video, Benito issues his soldiers' order to invade and conquer Ethiopia, a move that the United Nations gave a blind eye. Benito Mussolini was a fearless supporter of the revolution, and for this reason, he started a movement and organized demonstrations in the country to claim his need to top power. Violent movements usually affect a country's social-economic development, leading to massive food insecurity (Goeschel & Christian, 15). At one time, Mussolini started a printing and editing business where he used it to pressure his followers to hold demonstrations against the government. The newspaper business gave him a platform where he could influence the political direction of the country.
An aspect of political change is witnessed where he starts to think that war in the country was the best option for a revolution to occur. Benito was arrested at a particular time for organizing demonstrations with his movement. Mussolini invented a political philosophy referred to as fascism, extolling it as an alternative to socialist and parliamentary inaction. According to him, fascism would end political corruption and labor strife while still maintaining capitalism. He becomes more and more in love with his country, so he decided to rise into power. The act of calling for the formation of the political party and the one he could be the leader shows how eager he was for power. He argued that only a strong leader could unite the people of Italy to overcome the mass unemployment, chaotic political conflicts, and frequent strikes by the communists and socialists.
The view of government authority is conducted in various scenes, for instance, where he would organize and send his guards to harass and torture his political opponents. The units would capture the socialist leaders and tint their public image to reduce their political impact. It is also a form of dictatorship where he would not allow any other parties' formation (Goeschel & Christian, 15). His political impacts improved when his party registered the highest number of followers. The fascist movement became the party that he used to be elected into the parliament. He would make a speech in front of thousands of crowds and be able to control their voices. In his speech, the kind of authority he had did not doubt that the government authority was upheld and respected.
The video left some information concerning Mussolini. Although he was a strong dictator, the script does not reflect on the economic practices that he practiced for Italy's people. Building massive roman buildings, stadiums, and museums assisted in shaping the country’s economic po

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