Examine the concept of citizenship (Essay Sample)
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The purpose of this paper is to address the question of whether granting citizenship to individuals in more than one country would be beneficial and the advantages it would have over not allowing people to have citizens in other countries other than the one to which one is a citizen.
The hypothesis of the paper states that that granting citizens the ability to possess citizenship in other countries other will be of benefit both to the country and the individual; but if a country denies its citizens the ability to possess citizenship in other countries, then citizens and the state alike will be denied chances and opportunities they would have had access to if it were the other way..
In order to explore this hypothesis an examination of the concept of citizenship has to be conducted. Sensitive variables like security and human rights that come into play when dual citizenship comes into play also have to be looked at. Sample scenarios have been looked at, where dual citizenship has been of advantage to both the citizen and state. The disadvantages and shortcomings involved are also examined and an averaging conducted to prove that dual citizenship is of more advantage than if it is not existent.
The origin of the word citizen can be traced in the Anglo-French word citesein and middle English word citisein which were derived from the combination of the words cite, meaning city and ain denoting â€˜association withâ€™. This therefore translates to an inhabitant of a town or city and is entitled to its franchises and privileges. The word citizen therefore is used to denote â€˜a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protectionâ€™ (Dictionary.com). Citizenship therefore is the state of possessing the rights, duties and privileges of a citizen.
Citizenship does not only come with rights and privileges. It also comes with duties and responsibilities to the nation or country a person is a citizen of. Most states and countries have oaths of allegiance that include duties such as undertaking military service, supporting and protecting the constitution and to be at the disposal of the state, be ready to serve it when required by the law. It is therefore commonplace that all political communities, unions and persuasions make demands on their citizens. There is a stress on the responsibilities citizens have. These include the sustenance of the political communities and natural environment. This is due to the fact that it is only in these communal contexts that sustainable human relationships can be achieved therefore making rights feasible. (Keith Faulks, 2006)
Responsibilities of a citizen
Besides the benefits and privileges attached, Citizenship comes with duties and responsibilities associated with it too. The expectations of almost all nationsâ€™ and statesâ€™ of their citizens vary in small degree. A common expectation is usually that of obedience. All citizens are expected to obey the laws of the state. This is besides respecting, protecting and upholding the constitution of that state. Most democratic governmentsâ€™ rules and laws are crafted by the people. They therefore reflect the peopleâ€™s will. Every citizen is expected to be loyal to the nations whose citizenship they hold. Citizens are also expected to be public spirited. They are expected to contribute their part to the welfare of the society. Citizens are expected to exercise their rights. Such rights include the right to vote
The administration and running of states results in the use of expenditure. These expenditures are met with the use of taxes. Citizens are therefore also expected to be willing, ready and honest in paying of their taxes. Citizens are also expected to maintain and promote law and order. They are expected to cooperate with the public officials in the discharge of their duties. Contribution to creation of wealth in the state through work is also expected of them. Able bodied citizens are expected to work and add to the wealth of the state. Russia for instance holds work as a legal duty for every citizen. Many democratic nations require tolerance towards others, especially ideological and religious tolerance. (Ankita, 2012). This is not all that is required of citizens by their respective states.
Advantages of dual citizenship
To have a better insight into the suitability of dual citizenship, examining the advantages and disadvantages is important. Dual citizens have the advantage of accessing the same set of opportunities in two countries. Someone can vote in two countries. One is also allowed to work in both countries. This enables the person to choose a country with a desired standard of life and wages. A person can go to school in any of the two countries. He or she has access to a variety of choices. One can also own property in both countries.
As a dual citizen, an individual enjoys the protection of two countries. Whenever a person has a problem while travelling, either embassy of the two countries can assist that person. Different nations have different kinds of relations and having two passports helps an individual choose on which passport to present, when a case of suspicion may arise due to presentation of the other passport. Travelling as a ...
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