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CMRJ 500 FINAL QUESTIONS (Other (Not Listed) Sample)

1. Discuss the pros and cons of the death penalty and place your response within the parameters of whether the death penalty is ethical. 2. It has been said that prosecutors operate as if all suspects are guilty. What are the pros and cons to this approach? 3. How might the culture of a criminal justice organization impact reform? Might the culture protect misconduct? 4. What do you see as one of the most pressing issues in criminal justice today that highlights the need for ethical behavior? What changes can we implement to make your selected issue less of a concern? 5. In your view, what is the best avenue for controlling behavior in police agencies? How could the issues surrounding today's discussion on equity, diversity, and inclusion impact our course topic of controlling behavior at the individual level? you will need to please utilize scholarly peer reviewed source source..
Final Questions Student’s First Name, Middle Initial(s), Last Name Institution Affiliation Course Name and Number Instructor’s Name and Title Assignment Due Date Final Questions Question One The death penalty is unethical because it fails its main goal to deter crimes and, at the same time, leaves room to punish innocent people. Countries that still use the death penalty do not have reduced crime rates as compared to those that do not have capital punishment, hence unethicality of the corporal punishment. The first advantage of the death penalty is that it helps to maintain law and order as criminals would cease to commit horrendous crimes out of fear of the death penalty. According to Ye et al. (2018), it also prevents crime that would happen in the future due to the threat of execution. Second, the death penalty eliminates crowded jails, thus creating space for more manageable convicts. Third, it reduces the rates of crime recidivism. The first disadvantage of the death penalty is that it leaves a chance of punishing an innocent person. Execution is an irrevocable punishment, and the risk of punishing an innocent person cannot be overlooked. Second, the death penalty is more costly than the other punishments. It promotes wastage of resources and taxpayers' funds that would have been used to develop other areas (Ye et al., 2018). Third, it does not deter crimes effectively like long-term imprisonment. When criminals commit a capital crime, they have no interest in lessening potential crime or other offenses as the penalty is still the same hence no need to use the death penalty as a form of punishment. The death penalty is also inhumane, since the methods used in execution are barbaric and go against all human rights. Question Two Prosecutors treat all suspects as guilty because it is their responsibility to ensure all offenders are punished for their crimes. However, this approach has its pros and cons. The first advantage of this approach is that it eliminates the chances of letting an offender go unpunished. When the prosecutor treats all suspects as guilty, offenders will have a low chance of proving themselves innocent (Johnson, 2018). Besides, this approach reduces the chances of recidivism. When the prosecutor treats a suspect as guilty and they are found guilty and are then sentenced, it will prevent crime repetition by the same person. This approach also helps improve investigation: as the prosecutor leads the investigation and decides which inquiries to make, it does not leave room for missed information if they treat the suspect as guilty. Thus, the approach is effective in sentencing offenders. The disadvantages of the prosecutor using this approach is that an innocent person may be sentenced as guilty, especially if they do not have enough evidence to prove themselves innocent. As a result, an innocent person may be punished for crime committed by someone else. The second disadvantage is that the approach may lead to defamation of the suspect. When a suspect is treated as guilty and then proven innocent, their image may be damaged to the point where others will still doubt their innocence even with evidence. Lastly, this approach may lead to biasness, since the prosecutor may influence the judicial system and make them believe that the suspect is guilty even if they are not. Hence, it does not ensure equality and innocence until proven guilty biasness. Question Three The culture of criminal justice organizations positively impacts reforms by addressing public safety, justice application on offenders, law enforcement, and recidivism. Addressing these issues promotes openness, effective communication, and a sense of accountability (Ouziel, 2020). It will impact reforms as law enforcers like police officers will do their job responsibly without harming the public or brutally enforcing laws. It will also positively impact the reform by prioritizing rehabilitation of offenders and determining the most appropriate methods of enforcing laws. It will also ensure the public's safety, and justice will be delivered to those who have committed crimes. Therefore, the criminal justice organization impacts reform in the society. The culture of criminal justice organizations does not protect misconduct as it calls for equality and accountability of the people involved. It promotes law enforcement where violators are arrested and sentenced. Question Four Racial profiling is one of the most pressing issues in the criminal justice nowadays that calls for ethical behavior. Discrimination by law enforcers based on race, ethnicity, religion, or national origin has continued to be a pressing issue that requires a due response. According to Teasley et al. (2018), racial profiling has even led to increased crime rates as the profiled individuals see no need to follow the law as they will be suspects either way. Further, it has led to death and sentencing of numerous innocent people of color due to the bias of associating crime with Black Americans. The changes that can be made to address racial profiling are to ensure equal access to justice and law for all regardless of their status....
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