Child Labour And Its Impact In Public Primary Schools In Dadaab, Garissa County, Kenya (Research Paper Sample)
Child Labour And Its Impact In Public Primary Schools In Dadaab, Garissa County, Kenyasource..
Child Labour And Its Impact In Public Primary Schools In Dadaab, Garissa County, Kenya
Child labour has remained a global challenge. It is estimated that about 218 million children in the world aged between 5-7 years currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative. The persistence of child labour poses a threat to children's education, especially in primary schools in arid and semi-arid areas. The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of child labour in public primary schools in Dadaab Sub-County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were to; determine prevalence of child labour, investigate causes and impact of child labour on schooling in Dadaab Sub-County. Descriptive survey design was used. The target population was teachers, household head, community leaders, children engaged in child labour and officers in relevant Government offices. A sample size of 384 will be drawn from a total population of 150,000 people in Dadaab sub-County. The study used cluster, random, purposive and snowball sampling methods. Data was collected using questionnaires, interviews, observations and Focus group discussion. Data from the field was analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data was input into Statistical Package of Social Scientists (SPSS). The qualitative data was summarized and analyzed thematically. Data was presented through narratives, tabulation, charts and graphs. The results showed that majority, 45.5% of the children were involved in child labour while 54.5% of the children were not involved in child labour 24% of the children involved in child labour were male. Also, majority of the children, 35.8% of the children were involved in herding activities. The results also showed that 61.7% of the parents earn an income of less than 7000. The results showed that 60% of the children fail to go to school due to parents order to work, while 39.2% fail to go to school due to lack of school requirements. The chi-square p value on the relationship between child labour and performance was 0.03. Since the p value was less than 0.05, it implied that child labour had an adverse effect to schools performance at 5% significance level. The chi square p value between child labour and dropout level was 0.011, therefore child labour increase led to increase in dropout levels in the region. The chi square p value between child labour and absenteeism was 0.014, hence child labour increase led to increase in absenteeism. The findings obtained shed light on the plight of children involved in child labour. The findings were also a basis for further research on ways to reduce the child labour menace.
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