Water Scarcity In Near Future, Causes, Effects, Solutions (Research Paper Sample)
Water scarcity in the nearing futuresource..
Water Scarcity In Near Future
University of Affiliation.
Globally there are a lot of people who have no access to water resources or, suppose they do have an opportunity to access, it can't be utilized. Approximately 70% of the water that is on earth surface is salty water, and only 3% of it is really freshwater that is fit for human consumption (Conserve Energy Future, 2015). As indicated by WWF, exactly 1.1 billion people require access to water.
Fresh water is very scarce, many people are in constant search for water in daily basis. However, individuals who access protected, fresh water underestimate it and don't utilize it shrewdly (Town, 2015).
Water scarcity comprises of water emergency, lack of water, and water shortfall or water pressure. Water scarcity can take form of financial water shortage or physical water shortage. Physical water scarcity is when the local demand and the financial scarcity of water is due to the effect of administration of water resources that is poor. That being stated, what are the reasons for water shortage, what are the impacts of water shortage, and are there any arrangements that we can begin to investigate(Conserve Energy Future, 2015)?
Causes of water scarcity.
First, expansion of the population .50 years ago the population of human beings on earth has continued to double up. This has been made possible with the better provision of health care and lifestyle resulting to larger families. This has resulted to increase in the use of water for cooking, drinking, cleaning, and sewage tripling. It is evident that human being is more careless when it comes to utilization of water. This has placed a lot of pressure on the water that is available.
Secondly urbanization. Urbanization is a major cause of water scarcity. The growth of cities and towns are expanding at a rapid rate. Cities tend to accommodate more people as compared to the villages and upcoming towns. This results in an increased need to take care of the construction and manufacturing, cleaning and sewage (Rinkesh, 2015).
Thirdly, water pollution. Areas that do not have good water sewage tend to have a huge problem with water pollution. Air, land and water pollution greatly contribute to the quality of water reduction. Radioactive waste that comes from mining activities, industries dumping their waste into water bodies, sewage, hospitals dirty water that comes from the sanitation. All these activities led to water to water contamination (Eschooltoday.com, 2012).
Lastly, climate change. Globally, places that were known to have a lot of rainfalls are no longer known for that. The places that were considered dry have suddenly become wetter and cold. In both cases, the end result is water scarcity. This is because when rainfall becomes less, it means water will be less while excessive rainfalls are the cause of flooding (Eschooltoday.com, 2012).
Effects of water scarcity.
Water scarcity has a lot of effects on the people as well as the country at large. First water scarcity result to lack of access to fresh water for drinking. One of the major problems that happen when there is water scarcity is that people are not able to get fresh water for drinking purposes. The human body cannot go for long without drinking water(Water Filter Answers, 2016).
Secondly, there is economic slowdown. According to an estimate done by the united nation, half of the world population will live in those areas that have high water stress by 2030.It is very hard for a country to have a difficult and thriving economy when there is a scarcity of fresh water for activities such as industrial, individual use and farming. Manufacturing of goods that are water intensive could be limited by the scarcity of freshwater resources. The scarcity of fresh water can cause poor workers' productivity through reduction of household disposable income due to the high cost of water.
Thirdly, water scarcity will cause food shortages. Shrinking water resources poses a threat to the food production in order to keep up the rising demand. Agricultures activities accounts to 70%of the global fresh water in order to keep up with the current food demand. Lastly, energy shortages. There is a rapid increase in the population growth and increased modernization. It is evident that energy production is the greatest end user of freshwater resources.it is projected that the global electricity demand will grow by 70% by 2035.Despite the fact that alternative energy sources such as solar energy require less water for energy production, they only contribute a smaller percentage of today's energy production(Seametrics.com, 2016).
Solution to water scarcity
Educating people about water conservation and impact of water scarcity can greatly influence the water conservation process. The organization and government should create awareness about the how individuals can prevent the problem of water scarcity from becoming worse in the near future. People should be taught on water recycling. There are a lot of ways to ensure water recycling. People should have an urge to learn about how they can recycle water as it helps save money as much as it helps in prevention of water scarcity (Contributor, 2016).
A lot needs to be done in the field of water conservation. So much has to be done through technology advancement to in relation to water conservation. Money allocation into the activities of saving water is lifesaving activity. Farming related activities have to be improved. The huge causes of water scarcity are irrigation and farming. These practices have to improve to ensure that much water is not used(Spinks, 2014).
Water scarcity in the near future will depend on human activities today. Since the problem has been identified measures can be taken to reduce the effect of the problem. It is possible to tackle this problem and prevent further damage. The most important solution to this problem is to educate a member of the society about the effects of water scarcity and prevention measures.
Conserve Energy Future. (2015). Water Shortage: Causes, Effects and Solutions - Conserve Energy Future. [online] Available at: https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions-of-water-shortage.php [Accessed 6 Jan. 2018].
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