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12 pages/≈3300 words
16 Sources
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Research Paper
English (U.S.)
MS Word
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How Childhood Obesity is Constructed and Perceived Within Australian Society (Research Paper Sample)


The paper discusses childhood obesity in the context of Australian society. It highlights the health problems associated with childhood obesity, such as increased risk of chronic diseases and early mortality. The prevalence of childhood obesity in Australia is alarmingly high, with a significant proportion of children carrying their weight challenges into adulthood. The paper identifies multiple factors contributing to childhood obesity, including psychological, physiological, environmental, and behavioral factors. It emphasizes the role of fast food consumption and the influence of the food industry, insufficient government intervention, and fragmented efforts within the public health community. It calls for the implementation of preventive public health interventions that target children, their families, and the immediate social and physical environments in which they live. They suggest involving stakeholders such as preschools, daycare centers, educators, and community members to shape children's behavior and create supportive environments.
Ethical considerations are highlighted, calling for a shift in emphasis from blaming children to offering feasible solutions and support for behavior change. The paper also discusses interventions at the policy level, such as reducing marketing of unhealthy foods and implementing food taxes, which have the potential to reduce childhood obesity. The paper also emphasizes the importance of parental involvement and the application of theories like social cognitive theory and Lifestyle Triple P in obesity prevention measures. It also discusses the effectiveness of stealth interventions that focus on intrinsic motivation and behavior change through enjoyable and desirable activities.
The plan intervention outlined in the paper targets parents, caregivers, and families with children aged 2 to 7. It proposes a multifaceted approach that includes community-based activities, policy-level interventions, and education. The communication strategies aim to promote healthy behaviors, community engagement, and inclusivity. The evaluation plan includes formative, process, and outcome evaluations to assess the feasibility, effectiveness, and impact of the intervention.
Overall, the paper calls for collaborative efforts and a comprehensive approach involving various stakeholders to address the complex issue of childhood obesity in Australian society


How Childhood Obesity is Constructed and Perceived Within Australian Society
How Childhood Obesity is Constructed and Perceived Within Australian Society
Definition of the Health Problem
Childhood obesity is a major public health issue characterized by excessive fat accumulation in children, endangering their health and well-being (Randle et al., 2017). The issue is caused by an intricate interplay of psychological, physiological, environmental, and behavioral factors that lead to energy imbalance in children. Childhood obesity is linked to poor health and substantial declines in quality of life. Children who are obese may develop asthma, sleep disorders, hip, knee, and ankle problems, as well as high cholesterol and blood pressure. Overweight children are also considerably more likely to become overweight adults, placing them at risk of health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer (sahoo et al., 2015).
The prevalence of childhood obesity in Australia is alarmingly high. Obesity affects 6%-8% of Australian school children, according to available data, and the proportion has risen in recent years (Gill et al., 2009). Surprisingly, the trend persists into adulthood, with 67% of Australian adults identified as overweight (Keramat et al., 2021). As overweight children are more likely to carry their weight challenges into adulthood (Sahoo et al., 2015), the transition from childhood to adulthood offers long-term health risks. Furthermore, obese children have a higher risk of dying earlier than their peers of normal weight.
The body mass index (BMI) is used to evaluate childhood obesity (Mihrshahi et al., 2017). It is determined by dividing weight in kilograms by height in square metres (kg/m2). BMI varies significantly with age in children and can differ between boys and girls (Cole et al., 2000). Childhood obesity has a negative impact not just on individuals' health but also on the Australian healthcare system. Childhood obesity costs the Australian government approximately $43 million in medical costs among children aged 6 to 13 (Black et al., 2018). This is due to increased use of general practitioners and specialists. The findings indicate that the economic costs of childhood obesity are far more than previously thought. It is important to highlight, however, that implementing successful early childhood obesity mitigation interventions can result in immediate cost reductions in healthcare costs.
Given the long-term health and economic impacts of childhood obesity, it is important to focus on preventive public health interventions that target children, their families, and the immediate social and physical environments in which they live. Preschools, daycare centers, educators, and other community stakeholders have an important role in shaping children's behaviour and should be at the forefront of communication and intervention efforts to combat childhood obesity. It is possible to reduce the prevalence and impact of childhood obesity in Australian society by involving these important stakeholders,

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