7 pages/≈1925 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Diabetes Wellness Program For New York's Population (Research Proposal Sample)
Diabetes Wellness Program For New York's Population source..
Diabetes Wellness Program For New Yorkâ€™s Population Name Institution Diabetes Wellness Program For New Yorkâ€™s Population Project summary Wellness health programs are essential in optimizing the health, well-being, and performance of the concerned population. Additionally, health wellness programs employ several strategies including assessment, education and coaching, interventions, and incentive programs. Also, an emphasis on customization of the program to align to a particular health concern in a specific population makes the process more efficient. Subsequently, the diabetes wellness program aims at addressing crucial diabetes issues affecting the people of New York. The program is based on observation from a windshield survey in New York and a subsequent assessment of the organization of diabetes treatment and factors affecting its efficiency. The program seeks to improve diabetes treatment through the promotion of holistic approach, awareness and education, and addressing health disparities. Rationale and background information The rationale of the diabetes wellness program in New York is to address primary health concerns in regards to cultural considerations, traditional, holistic, and spiritual approaches towards the disease, and educational considerations. Moreover, the program will highlight local laws and healthcare Acts, ethical, legal, and economic factors affecting the population. Also, the program will underscore potential economic impacts of proposed clinical prevention and health promotion concerning health disparities of the population. Diabetes among the residents of New York affects vast areas of the state. The number of affected adults ranges from 6% to 11% of total population in various counties. Ontario County has the lowest diagnosis percentages (6.3%) while Kings and Queens Counties have the highest percentage at (10.7%). Manhattan County has a diagnosis proportion of 6.9 (CDC, 2015). Cultural Considerations Consultations are vital in providing all rounded and inclusive outcomes (Mendez-Luck et al., 2015). Population health management is patient-centric with costs and the results being essential factors. Consequently, to address the particular needs affecting diabetes treatment in the community, consultations will be indispensable. Similarly, discussions will be relevant in customizing the program to achieve precise outcomes. Patients and physicians will be incorporated to provide insights on the program deliverables and improve the quality of the results. Liaising with county officials and information bureaus will provide relevant information needed to make conclusions and recommendations. Physician engagement, information transparency, provider incentives, population scale, and patient engagement are fundamental principles to be considered in the program. CAM, traditional medicine, holistic health, and spiritual considerations Most communities have negative perspectives regarding their health status (Mendez-Luck et al., 2015). Wellness of the population is achievable by the utilization of a comprehensive approach. Apart from economic factors, beliefs about health play a significant role in influencing the method of treatment sought. The unavoidable needs of emotional and physical healing, particularly in addressing lifestyle diseases like diabetes, are of crucial importance (Waite, Nardi, and Killian, 2013). New York has numerous indigenous people from different cultures, beliefs, and spiritual backgrounds. Therefore, it is essential for the proposed program to incorporate complementary and alternative medicine, traditional medicine, as well as religious considerations. Such practices include biological approaches utilizing vitamins, minerals, and natural products. Additionally, manipulative and body-based methods such as massage are vital in maintaining health. Mind and body medicine seeks to restore the harmony between the systems employing meditation, spiritual, and relaxation techniques. Incorporation of spiritual, cultural, and modern medicine aspects will be essential in attaining a holistic approach towards diabetes treatment. Linguistic considerations Although New York is a multilingual state, English language is prevalently used in communication owing to large populations of European Americans (Waite, Nardi, and Killian, 2013). As a result, a majority of the residents are well conversant with the English language, eliminating the need for oral or written translators and interpreters. However, written information will be available in English, Italian, French, and Spanish to increase usability and convenience of accessing the materials. Educational considerations A variety of factors affect community sensitization. Waite, Nardi, and Killian (2013), assert that cultural knowledge, skills, and awareness of the population are crucial. Capacity building concerning the staff used for education purposes is also significant. The best ways to educate the community include tailoring of the message to cater for individual needs and using narratives such as testimonials to promote interest and keenness. Furthermore, targeting the message to audience segments depending on needs, culture, language and spiritual aspects are vital in increasing precision and effectiveness of the message. Marketing of the program will utilize telephone calls, postal mail, and e-mails, as well as electronic and digital media. Subsequently, the program will employ social media, such as Facebook pages, Twitter handles, and Pin posts. Also, mass media like posters, billboards, magazines, radio ads, and newspapers will be employed. Benefits of the program will emphasize on an inclusive approach regarding the community. Consequently, the prioritization of factors of good health is vital. According to Mendez-Luck et al., (2015), high rates of poverty, lack of community resources promoting health activities, and prevalence of chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, are a major concern to the community health. Ultimately, the program will focus on availing health resources for diabetes patients. Interested people will have access to informational materials, health resources, and support in collaboration with county hospitals and clinics. Additionally, capacity building and skill development will be available. Incentives such as social networking, opinion leaders, and champions will be encouraged to motivate and cultivate interest. Ethical, legal, and economic factors impacting the health and wellness of the population Human protection is crucial in providing treatment (Waite, Nardi, and Killian, 2013). Ethical challenges include the non-malfeasance moral principle. Effective diabetes healthcare requires certain health risks like CAM and TM trials which are not certified for use. Certainly, it is impossible to guarantee no harm in such treatments. The moral principle of beneficence or promoting welfare to others inhibits research hence, limiting technologies and drug invention for the disease treatment. Utility or greatest benefit and least harm is the objective of a majority of health programs and research initiatives. However, challenges in form uncertainties exist inhibiting research and inventions. Also, autonomy implications where chronic diabetic conditions lead to amputations and treatment of minors against their wish will pose challenges. Economic challenges include poverty and the resultant effects. Waite, Nardi, and Killian (2013), categorize various issues that come hand in hand with of poverty. Consequently, lack of resources, poor education, low income, and poor mental and physical conditions are significant economic challenges in treating and preventing diabetes in New York. Also, employment affects the availability of resources by the affected people. Furthermore, lack of social support equates to emotional, educational, and mental perspectives of the population (Waite, Nardi, and Killian, 2013). As a result, economic factors influence the ability of patients to seek medical care, insurance coverage, and also affect their poverty perceptions. Local laws and Acts that can affect preventive care and promotion The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act promotes state health exchanges and Medicaid expansion to cover small employers and individual groups. Increasing the number of insured Americans will promote quality health and improve prevention efforts particularly for populations affected by poverty. The act also increases shared responsibility among governments and employers with an objective of attaining near universal coverage. Additionally, the bill seeks to promote impartiality, quality, and affordability of medical coverage. Nutritional provisions backed by the law will play a crucial role in reducing nutritional deficiencies inhibiting diabetes prevention. Potential economic impacts of clinical prevention and health promotion Diabetes dis...
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