Industrial And Organisational Psychology Project (Research Proposal Sample)
Write a paper of 2,000-2,250 words in which you address the following issues:
Delineate your intended methodology and research design. Restate the purpose of your study. Explain why stated methodology will be best. Describe why stated research design is appropriate.
Identify your sample and needed sample size. Justify sample size. Discuss your intended sampling procedure.
Describe sources of data. Name and describe intended assessments/instruments for a quantitative study. Name and describe intended data sources/types for a qualitative study. Address validity and reliability for your intended methodology. Delineate how you will collect data needed to answer your study's questions.
Evaluate specific data analyses for your study. Descriptive. Inferential (if quantitative).
Propose what results you expect to find in relation to your topic.
Industrial and Organizational Project Part 2
COURSE AND PREFIX NUMBER
Methodology and Design
My dissertation is on how organizational culture can be used to drive compliance with sterile protocols in healthcare. This research study applies a quantitative methodology with a descriptive research design. The purpose of this quantitative descriptive research is to analyse to what extent organisational culture, knowledge, attitudes and behaviours influence standard sterilization protocol compliance for healthcare workers at acute hospitals. The rate of nosocomial infections is on the rise and the compliance of healthcare workers is at the core of it. With the anticipated research design, sampling, data collection and data analysis approaches; the most appropriate methodology for the study proved to be quantitative. The research questions necessitated the use of numerical/quantitative data hence the quantitative methodology was most suitable for this research study. The quantitative methodology and a descriptive design also suits the data collection approach for this research and are appropriate for the ordinal data sets as the independent variables in this study necessitate. Yilmaz (2013) elucidates that quantitative research methodologies are suitable for descriptive research when the researcher aims to confirm a hypothesis about a phenomena and align with descriptive statistics and descriptive data.
This general approach selected for this research study entails the collection of data so that the data can be measured/quantified and subjected to data analysis so as to back or refute the hypotheses .Williams (2011) explains quantitative researches as approaches to research studies that involve a statistical and numerical approach to research design. The research revolves around two research questions. First; how can the constructs of organizational culture be applied in hospital settings to help curb nosocomial infections? The second question is; how can the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of health care workers be altered to influence positive infection control adherence. From these two research question, it is clear the appropriateness of the quantitative methodology as the study tries to explain and make conjectures that will apply to other situations and people. The motive, hereby, is to determine, ratify and/or validate relationships and develop generalizations that add to theory. According to Leedy& Ormrod (2001) this is the foundation of a quantitative research methodology.
This study applies a descriptive research design. Leedy& Ormrod (2001) explain descriptive research design as the research approach whereby the situation is analysed as it exists in its current state. They further posit that this research entails the determination of features of a give phenomenon based on observational basis or through the investigation of the correlation between two or more phenomena. Due to the critical role played by the health care workers in the prevention and control of nosocomial infections, the comprehension of the relation of their knowledge, attitudes and behaviour to standard protocol compliance is essential. It is important to fully understand the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of healthcare workers and how these constructs affect their compliance to standard infection prevention and control protocols. The study describes the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of the healthcare workers and how these influence their adherence to standard protocols. The fulfilment of this research will need the use of descriptive and inferential statistics hence the application of descriptive design. In addition, the collection of the descriptive data as well as the use of questionnaires to collect the data implies the adoption of a quantitative research design.
The sample population will involve one hundred and ninety health care workers of two acute hospitals in the United States. The departments included from the two acute hospitals sampled will be sterile processing departments, operating theatres, dialysis units and surgical wards. The area of interest is on surgical site instruments in sterile processing department. These departments are the most prone to nosocomial infections such as surgical site infections. Every health care worker in these departments is crucial to the study. The target population is those care providers charged with the sterilization of surgical site instruments as well as those who use these instruments. These include the surgical nurses, the medical interns, the sterile processing department workers, the surgeons and all the care providers who attend to patient undergoing surgeries.
The participants will be selected through simple random sampling technique. This is a form of probability sampling approach whereby everyone has an equal chance of being selected (Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill, 2012). This helps to cull a smaller sample from the larger sample so as to be able to accurately make generalizations regarding the larger group. The target is to involve more than eighty percent of all the healthcare workers. It also targets the population to cut across all the relevant professions, departments in both hospitals. This sample size is not small hence will lower the margin of error and increase the confidence level. This increases the accuracy of the collected data as well as the accuracy of the overall research. A target of eighty percent of the population implies a confidence level of ninety percent and a minimal margin of error of three point five percent.
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