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Annotated Bibliography on Community Psychology Journals (Annotated Bibliography Sample)
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Annotated Bibliography on Community Psychology Journals
Kupersmidt, J. B., Stump, K. N., Stelter, R. L. and Rhodes, J. E. (2017), Predictors of Premature Match Closure in Youth Mentoring Relationships. Am J Community Psychol, 59: 25–35. doi:10.1002/ajcp.12124
The rate by which premature relationships closure happen is alarming. The authors give special scrutiny to examine the predictors and high rate of premature match closure. Throughout the article, relevance examples are given and sources of data cited for clarity of information. The authors collect and select various institutions and participants who they feel fit for the study. The inclusion of real-life experience and psychological professionalism makes the study a reliable source for handling the premature match closure cases.
The use of Longitudinal study in the article gives a progression of activities recorded from time to time with the cohort effects recorded accordingly. The article uses three major factors which they then define in details for clarity. The predictors they use for the study include mentee characteristics, mentor characteristics and the length of the match. All the three predictors give a dimensional look to the problem that it all lies on the participants of the relationship and duration of the relationship. Personal characteristics of the mentor, however, seem to have a considerable influence compared to the other two.
According to the study, the premature relationship included of students and adults chosen explicitly to participate in the program. Usually, there are natural factors that spark a relationship. All this seem to be underlooked, and the artificial choice of the match may, however, be a part of the problem of premature closure in youth mentoring problem. The study fails to depict additional effort made by the mentor to rematch the relationship. Although the Short period of school time was listed as a predictor, the researchers assumed that premature closure of relationships occurs while only in school.
According to the study, 34% of premature early match closure occurred. The statistics appear to be correct from the inclusion of 8953 participants’ data collected from MentorPro national database in 18 states. However, the data collection happened only on educational institutions factoring out local youth, refugee camps, and other juvenile systems. The accuracy of the statistics seems real as the number of the participant who took part in the program were 6965 mentors and 6468 mentees, which is a good number for a sample.
The demographic composition of female and male is 64% and 46% respectively indicating inclusion of both genders in the survey. The results from such a survey, therefore, can be relied on to display an accurate reflection of full representation of participants. The research indicates a 38% of overall prevalence of premature closure, which in comparison with other research conducted on this topic, gives a reasonable estimate. This means that the authors were keen on data collection and calculation to give verifiable and accurate readings. The overall Demographic characteristics, sex, race, ethnicity, and age of mentors and mentees are documented hence provides a more reliable approach to the report.
The study, however, seems to be biased by learning more about mentee characteristics and ignoring mentor characteristics and their level of input. The mentor influence may make the mentee to have a negative perception of the relationship ending in a premature match closure. This, however, is overlooked and emphasizes given more on mentees.
Holland, K. J., and Cortina, L. M. (2017), “It Happen to Girls All the Time”: Examining Sexual Assault Survivors’ Reasons for Not Using Campus Supports. Am J Community Psychol, 59: 50–64. doi:10.1002/ajcp.12126
Even though there is the availability of formal support for sexual assault survivors in college, very few utilize them. The study seeks to examine reasons for failing to seek formal support and why they Neglect the use of formal support. From the continued push from various agencies, colleges have concentrated in the provision of resources that would benefit sexual survivors. However, even though colleges have done their part in ensuring that all necessary resources are available, students fail to seek assistance from the resources. The study gives precise directions on what makes the students not use the resources and how institutions should handle the reasons to ensure they register a bigger margin of students who seek help in the designated support resources.
The study indicates that at least 15% to 20% of women in colleges get raped or assaulted sexually. Of the 20%, only 2% to 11% report rape cases and attempts giving a 4% to 9% bearing the hard times on their own for the reasons the study seeks to reveal. The study seeks to qualitatively explain why the deviation between survivor’s rate and those seeking help is high and what should be done to convert or reduce the rate. The study relies on data from resident assistants and women from a large western university. The selected campus has a large population, and hence the sample size is considerable.
The study doesn’t have a particular conceptualized theory for the reasons but utilizes mixed methodological approaches on to determine why the students didn’t seek support from relevant departments namely the sexual assault center, grievances and security office, and support staff. The study utilized such approaches as identifying the problem, deciding to seek help, and choice of assistance required to elaborate the process through which participants go through until they decide whether or not to visit the support center. This gives a broader view of where the reasons emanate and form a solid base in understanding why they occur in the first place.
The study revealed various reasons such as availability of the student, affordability of the help services, accessibility of the resources, and acceptability after visiting the help resource. Also, the study digs deep and reflects on other factors such as contextual characteristics of the individual. The study illustrates this by giving an example of a student who was raped while drunk. The quagmire of being suspended or getting help makes one choose the latter. The students also gave the probability of seeking help not being beneficial as a reason for not visiting the formal support centers.
The study utilizes the qualitative method of data collection for a Contextual understanding of the problem rather than getting numbers only. The survey used detailed information and sought to understand the initial thoughts although they asked very personal questions that would trigger trauma. The authors have a clear explanation of how they arrived at 6.5% of the total 284 women who got formal support. The study uses women only hence it is gender biased. Also, only white women participated in the study and only students in 3 well-resourced campuses compared to hundreds of colleges available in the country.
DeLoveh, H. L. M., and Cattaneo, L. B. (2017), Deciding Where to Turn: A Qualitative Investigation of College Students’ Help-seeking Decisions After Sexual Assault. Am J Community Psychol, 59: 65–79. doi:10.1002/ajcp.12125
Although institutions have committed to providing sexual assault assistance resources, underutilization of the resources is evident. The study seeks to qualitatively investigate this effect basing it on the help-seeking decisions on an individual level. Making a decision affects one's next move, if one should visit an assistance resource but then decides not to visit; it becomes a personal issue only known by the individual. However, looking at all the assaul...
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