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5 pages/≈1375 words
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3 Sources
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APA
Subject:
Social Sciences
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Annotated Bibliography
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Psychology Detailed Assignment (Annotated Bibliography Sample)

Instructions:

Psychology Detailed Assignment-Psy1160
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: The purpose of this assignment is to provide students with the knowledge, skills and abilities to create a comprehensive Annotated Bibliography, which is nothing more than a detailed research paper outline.The Annotated Bibliographymust have at a minimum three (3) sub-sections with at least one (1) Peer Reviewed – Academic Journal Article sources for each sub-section that helps explain something about the chosen psychology topic of interest. Upon successful completion of this assignment, students will have gained a practical understanding of how to create an effective outline that directs their research and writing of a Research Paper in the Behavioural Sciences. 
Whether acquiring new knowledge, or adding to the existing body of knowledge Psychologists employ scientific principles and methodologies in their search for the underlying causal mechanisms. There is a mistaken belief among some that Psychology is a manufactured discipline that only reflects common sense observations of the researcher—as opposed to real scientific empirical evidence typically associated with the Natural Sciences. However, Psychology is one of several the Behavioural Sciences (e.g., Anthropology, Psychology and Sociology) with a rich history and a huge volume of credible scientific research that is validated by fellow Behavioural Science researchers; it is not simply based on the interpretation or personal opinion of the individual. 
Assignment: Students must select a single topic that is of interest to them from the list of twelve (12) psychology topic questions provided by your instructor. The Annotated Bibliography(i.e., the detailed research paper outline) is intended to teach students essential research paper writing skills that will help them answer the Research Question. 
Your Annotated Bibliographies must have: 
• An Introductory Paragraph tells the reader what the paper will be about by:
• Three (3) Sub-sections with at least one (1) Academic – Peer Reviewed Reference (i.e., an academic source from an Academic Journal) in each sub-section.
• A very brief Conclusion that summarizes why this information is important to understand.
• Provide a Reference page that lists all academic sources used in the correct APA format by alphabetical order by surname as prescribed by the APA (6th Ed.) Publishing Manual.
It is also important that your Annotated Bibliography is well-organized and flows together with continuity between the sections. 
Assignment Questions and Classic Psychology Papers 
1.
Does peer pressure influence young people to engage in risqué behaviours (i.e., unprotected sex, chronic alcohol or substance abuse, etc…)?
2.
Does participating in interactive violent video games cause young people to act out more violently in real life?
3.
Are children raised in large families any more alike than children born and raised in any other home?
4.
Why do some young people watch another young person being beaten or raped and do nothing to assist that victim? 
5.
Is it possible to reliably detect deception when someone is lying simply by watching their facial expressions?
6.
Are people who carry personal weapons for protection (i.e., pepper spray, Tasers, handguns, etc…) more likely to behave more aggressively?
7.
Why do women seem have more ‘nightmare’ type of dreams than men do?
8.
Why is it important to have first responders (i.e., police, paramedics, emergency nurses) prepare their own statements (and/or notes) as soon as practicable?
9.
How would psychologists likely explain the use of violent interrogation techniques (i.e., torture, waterboarding, etc…) used against Al Qaeda prisoners by soldiers?
10.
Are there more cases of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hypertension Disorder) today, or is this simply a convenient label schools use for those children who are not well behaved?
11.
Are the pre-game rituals many athletes practice (e.g., hockey and baseball players, etc…) nothing more than superstitious behaviours and self-fulfilling prophesies?
12.
Why is the debate concerning the influence of birth order as a measure of intellectual capacity and personality becoming less relevant in society as time goes on?
13.
Why do people who seem to be normal and healthy individuals abuse the aged and vulnerable people with our society?
INSTRUCTIONS
1. Write an Introductory Paragraph…
—Introducing the topic by beginning with a strong Thesis Statement that captures the reader’s interest,
—Presenting the overall question that you intend to be answer, —Discussing why it is an important question to answer, and 
—Briefly lists the three (3) sub-sections that the paper will discuss.
2. Create detailed research paper outline that has three (3) Sub-sections …
—Students must Introduce the topic of the sub-section,
—Explain how this issue connects to the overall discussion (i.e., the research question), 
—Provide at least one (1) Academic Peer Reviewed Source (i.e., an academic source from an Academic Journal) for each sub-section,
—Discuss why this is an appropriate reference to use, 
—Explain how this academic source helps answer the research question, and
—Provide a brief summary that explains why the author is a subject matter expert (e.g., the nature of their previous and current research history, their personal credentials, and/or the nature of the academic journal they published in). 
3. Provide a very brief Conclusion 
—This conclusion summarizes why this information is important to understand.
4. Provide a Reference page…
—List all academic sources used in the correct APA format by alphabetical order by surname as prescribed by the APA (6th Ed.) Publishing Manual.
This is a research based Annotated Bibliography…
This is not an opinion paper…!!!
Therefore, all statements in your assignment must be backed up by research…
Your paper is due on November 6th, 2015 no later than 11:59pm (mid-night).
NO late papers… will be accepted after the due date/time…
You are required to submit your assignment in two (2) formats: 
• Electronic copy to your instructor onCANVAS – Assignment Drop Box, and… 
• Electronic copy to www.turnitin.com utilizing the instruction from your instructor
Weight: 20% of your final grade – (Graded out of 100 points…)
• Please refer to the assignment Marking Rubric (found on pages 5 & 6) for details
Considerations: Please ensure your proof read and edit your paper
• Read it out loud to yourself to hear all your mistakes, and 
• Let it sit for 24-hours – and then read it again…
SUGGESTED READINGS:
1.
Asch, S. E. (1955). Opinions and societal pressure. Scientific American, 193, 31-35. Retrieved from:
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/psychology/terrace/w1001/readings/asch.pdf 
2.
Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1961). Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582. Retrieved from:
http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Bandura/bobo.htm 
3.
Bouchard, T., Lykken, D., McGue, M., Segal, N., & Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, 250, 223-229. Retrieved from:
http://www.psych.umn.edu/courses/spring05/hicksb/psy3135/bouchard_1990.pdf 
4.
Darley, J. M., & Latané B. (1968). Bystander intervention in emergencies: Diffusion of responsibility. 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8. 377-383. Retrieved from: http://www.wadsworth.com/psychology_d/templates/student_resources/0155060678_rathus/ps/ps19.ht ml 
5.
Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V. (1971). Constants across cultures in the face and emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 124-129. Retrieved from: http://www.paulekman.com/wpcontent/uploads/2009/02/Constants-Across-Cultures-In-The-Face-And-Emotion.pdf
6.
Ellis, D. P., Weinir, P, & Miller III, L., (1971). Does the trigger pull the finger? An Experimental Test of Weapons as Aggression—Eliciting Stimili. Sociometry, 34, 453-465. Retrieved from:
http://www.jstor.org/pss/2786192 
7.
Hobson, J. A., & McCarley, R. W. (1977). The brain as a dream-state generator: An activation-synthesis hypothesis of the dream process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 1335-1348. Retrieved from: http://www.psychology.uiowa.edu/faculty/blumberg/Course_Docs/Seminar.2008/Readings/Hobson.Mc
Carley.pdf 
8.
Loftus, E. F. (1975). Leading questions and the eyewitness report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560-572.
Retrieved from: https://webfiles.uci.edu/eloftus/CognitivePsychology75.pdf 
9.
Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 371-
378. Retrieved from:
http://www.wadsworth.com/psychology_d/templates/student_resources/0155060678_rathus/ps/ps01.ht ml 
10.
Rosenhan, D. L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250-258. Retrieved from:
http://cooley.libarts.wsu.edu/soc3611/Documents/Being_Sane_in_Insane_Places.pdf 
11.
Skinner, B. F. (1948). Superstition in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168-172.
Retrieved from: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Skinner/Pigeon/ 
12.
Zajonc, R. B., & Markus, G. B. (1975). Birth order and intellectual development. Psychological Review, 82,
74-88. Found only in: the Buchanan Reference Library or office of your Instructor…
13.
Zimbardo, P. G., Haney, C., Banks, W. C., & Jaffe, D., (1972). Stanford Prison Experiment. Stanford, CA: Philip G. Zimbardo, Inc.

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Does peer pressure influence young people engage in risqué behaviours (i.e., unprotected sex, chronic alcohol or substance abuse, etc…)?
Introduction
Peer pressure is the external influence exerted on a person to conform or change their attitudes, behaviors and opinions as per the influencer. The influencer can be a particular group, individuals or the society with which a person shares some common ideals. Peer pressure has a noticeable influence on young people as it’s the main reason for their engagement in risqué behaviours. The role of peer pressure in determining young people’s life cannot be therefore underestimated, as most decisions they make mostly as a result of them wanting to conform to their peers. The pressure comes directly and indirectly; one can be directly influenced to adopt certain behaviors or characters of a group they associate with for them to be accepted as members of that particular group. Furthermore, a young person may just want to be part of a group making them adopt the characters of the group. This paper outlines how young people are influenced by peer pressure at various levels including peer influence by the society, groups and individual peer relations and provides further analysis on how to overcome peer pressure.
Peer influence at societal level
Young people are affected at the societal level to start engaging in risqué behaviours like alcohol and drug abuse. The societal expectation of youth to be troublesome and to readily participate in high-risk behaviours can easily lead them to do the same to conform to the expectations.
Some young people resort to adopting the risqué ways though they know their adverse impact so as to get the approvals as expected for their young stage in life. Some societies expect adolescents to start engaging in sexual activities and drug abuse as a staged practice of their young life. The young people are pressurized directly and indirectly to take up this expectation. They are influenced directly by their peers who under the same and making engaging in drug abuse and sex look fresh. Those who do not engage in the same are made fun of and ridiculed by the whole society making some young people ending up taking the risqué behaviours so as to avoid the ridicule (Schad, Szwedo, Antonishak, Hare & Allen, 2008).
Schad, Szwedo, Antonishak, Hare & Allen (2008) in the of Journal youths and adolescents, provide an in-depth analysis of how youths and adolescents are affected by peer pressure. The article by the author explores how the youths and adolescents are influenced to take up risk behaviours.
The authors’ article provides an in-depth understanding how peer pressure is at the centre of wrong choices for the youths. The societal role of peer pressure can easily be ignored despite it playing a key role in facilitating the pressure.
Peer influence on individuals and group
Young people are greatly influenced by the companies they keep; they are easily swayed into adopting the behaviours of their groups and colleagues. Risqué behaviours especially engaging in sex and alcohol and drug abuse is considered cool by young people despite it posing a significant risk for their development. As a group, young people seem to be united by major characteristics that define them as group members. Ellis & Wolfe (2009) assert that members who do not take up the group’s character may end up being isolated or rejected by the groups. Young people tend to operate in groups in which members influence each other to take and adopt behaviours that are considered popular among them. They consciously and subconsciously end up doing risqué acts. Members deliberately pressurized other members from their groups into taking drugs and alcohol; that mostly serve as an identity for the group forcing youths and adolescents to start taking the same.
Young people are in a way influenced by own colleagues including friends and family members. The close relationship the young people have with them makes it easy for them to get influence. They easy take after the behaviours their friends have including engaging in sex. The friends and private individuals in their lives have a great influence as they feel obligated to do what their colleagues are doing. The massive influence of friends among young people can easily be identified by nearly same characteristics that they display (Ellis & Wolfe, 2009).
Ellis & Wolfe (2008), in their article ‘’the broader context of relational aggression in teenage romantic relationships: Predictions from peer pressure and connects to psychosocial functioning.’’ The two authors present essential facts on how youth are influenced to engage in sexual activities mainly by their peer groups and close people around them. Young people always want to be like others hence adopting their behaviours, some highly risqué and detrimental for their personal growth.
Overcoming peer pressure
The impact of peer pressure on the development of young people cannot be underestimated. The effect of the pressure in defining the future of their lives is dependent on the decisions they make during their early adulthood stage. For the young people to grow up to become responsible adults.
Young people can overcome peer influences that make them take up extreme risqué behaviours that are detrimental to their health and future. Young people should be instilled with the confidence and assertiveness to resist being pressurized to make decisions that are harmful to themselves. Assertiveness should be a virtue incorporated in the syllabus of schools so that one grows with it. Onn attaining adult...
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