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Article Analysis: Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Periodontitis in U.S. Non–Smokers (Coursework Sample)


The task involved analysis an article by answering questions in relation to the relationship between smoking and periodontists. The analysis revealed more relationships, for instance, between primary smokers and secondary smokers. The analysis finally revealed a strategy to test the level of nicotine in the blood of passive smokers.


Article Analysis: Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Periodontitis in U.S. Non–Smokers
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Article Analysis: Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Periodontitis in U.S. Non–Smokers
1. According to the study, environmental tobacco smoke increases a person's risk of periodontitis by how much?
According to Sutton et al. (2012) the risk for periodontitis rises with the number of cigarettes smoked, or consumption, with noteworthy variations observed in as few as 10 cigarettes taken on a daily basis. The risk of periodontitis is 6 to 7 times less compare to those who smoke, with actual smoking making the disease difficult to treat, as well as more virulent.
2. What is serum cotinine and how was it used in this study?
According to the article, serum cotinine forms in a chemical substance that forms into the body fluids of those who have been recently exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke. In this case the body fluid that was examined amongst participants for serum cotinine was blood. Participants were being tested for effects of nicotine on non-smokers. This examination only relied on participants whose ethnicity/race or sex–specific concentrations did not exceed thresholds for non–smokers. Serum cotinine concentrations were high for 40.5% of participants who has been exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (Sutton et al. 2012). Greater amounts of males when compared to females in the study were exposed, and adults 20 to 49 years of age were more probable to be exposed compared to older participants (p<0.001). Most marked variations in Environmental Tobacco Smoke exposure were noticed amongst racial groups, for instance, 2/3 of Black Americans were exposed than the close to 1/3 of Non–Hispanic whites (p<0.001).
3. List some interesting things you learned by reading this article.
I) I learned that non-smokers are also exposed to the dangers of smoking as passive smokers. More specifically as the study reveals, non–smokers exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke absorb close to 1/3 the degree of nicotine for every cigarette that is consumed by active smokers.
II) I learned that serum cotinine forms in body fluids upon exposure of someone to nicotine
III) I learned that periodontitis does not just affect the health of tooth but can also result in cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, obesity, and diabetes mellitus.
4. How will this information change the way you deliver oral health care?
The fir

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