Child Growth and Development (Coursework Sample)
The Headstart is a federally funded U.S. program that supports children and their families in the year prior to kindergarten enrolment. Its goal is to provide a smooth transition to "Big School" through developing children's skills. COnduct further research to identify the project and the target group. DISCUSS THE DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS AND RISK FACTORS FOR THE TARGET POPULATION, ITS DETAILED DESCRIPTION AND PROPOSE AN INTERVENTION FOR IMPROVEMENTsource..
Child Growth and Development
Child Growth and Development
Human development focuses on changes that individual experiences, the patterns of these changes, and uniformity in people of the same age. The early years of life are critical in determining the health and development of children. The following discussion examines the Head Start program that targets children between three and five years. The discussion examines gaps in development needs and risks. It also addresses development gaps in the Head Start program and the best intervention for bridging the gap.
The identified program for this assignment is Head Start. It is a community service funded by the government and designed to promote the readiness of children from low-income families to join the school. The children benefit from free healthcare (dental and medical) services, a healthy diet and playing in safe environments.
Targeted Age Group
The target age group for the program is children between 3 and 5 years. Early Head Start serves children below the age of three years. It also includes their parents and pregnant women (Office of ChildCare, n.d). The parents' involvement is encouraged through frequent visits to the child's home and numerous opportunities for parents to volunteer in the programs' welfare. The age group of between 3 and 5 years is considered for discussion.
Developmental Needs and Risk Factors
Children between 3 and 5 years learn to take control of their bodies. They become more aware of their bodies' limits, and coordination of balance becomes a critical component in learning simple activities like buttoning. Children at this age should be provided with opportunities for physical development skills (Vilaseca et al., 2019). The learning opportunities should include exercising, feeding, brushing teeth and opening doors, among many other simple activities.
Cognitive development relates to thinking and learning skills. They include asking questions, attention, problem-solving skills and simple reasoning. Children between the ages of 3 and 5 are defined by their inquisitive characteristics, collecting things and repeatedly practicing the same thing. They are fond of taking risks and trying new things.
Children in this age group have a wide range of social and emotional development. They regulate emotions and behaviors and build friendships with other children and adults. The children also build positive personal identities like self-confidence and participate in the learning process (Brown et al., 2012). They are naturally curious but need support in managing feelings and responding to social situations.
Development risks are factors that increase the susceptibility of individuals to harm, forestall or delayed normal development.
A common risk factor in development for children between 3 and 5 years is parenting. Lack of supportive parents and poor parenting styles increase the risks of problematic child behavior. Familiar factors like violence, stress and family separation contribute to a child's stress and delayed development (Brown et al., 2012). Some sicknesses during infancy have negative impacts on development at this age. For example, some children born preterm or have low birth weights are at higher risks of cognitive impairment and behavioral challenges than children born full-term. They may also develop some psychosocial difficulties mediated through the behaviors of caregivers.
The Head Start program targets children from low-income households in the community, which is a significant concern in the children development. The parents' demographic mostly includes low education, single parenthood, young parenting age, and a large number of dependent children. A combination of these factors poses a significant threat to children's development. Familial and demographic factors impact the child's developmental outcomes and socioeconomic statuses (SES) (Vilaseca et al., 2019). For example, higher parental education is closely correlated with better development outcomes for the children (Vilaseca et al., 2019). A family with a low-income translates to limited opportunities for the child that may limit or delay th
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