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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Personal Worldview Inventory: What Happens To A Person At Death (Coursework Sample)

Instructions:

Write an 800-1,000 word essay on your personal worldview. Briefly discuss the various possible meanings of the term "spirituality," and your understanding of the concepts of pluralism, scientism, and postmodernism. Primarily, address the following seven basic worldview questions:
What is prime reality?
What is the nature of the world around you?
What is a human being?
What happens to a person at death?
Why is it possible to know anything at all?
How do people know what is right or wrong?
What is the meaning of human history?

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Content:


Personal Worldview Inventory
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Personal Worldview Inventory
Introduction
A worldview refers to the ultimate basis of reality that is usually common among various cultures, made up of norms, values, and classes which provide lenses through which people view the universe (Shelly & Miller, 2006). Everyone has a unique worldview because of the wide perspective. However, there can be similarities in individuals within the same culture, family and community. Spirituality can greatly influence an individuals' worldview and it needs to be considered in regards to the holistic care of an individual. In a healthcare setting, the philosophical models of postmodernism and scientism are now regarded as the stumbling blocks to full approval of spirituality (Olden, 2015). Personally, my worldview is influenced by my faith, though I cannot ignore my science-rich background which is also present, showing a potential for a pluralistic relationship.
There are various meanings of spirituality. Spirituality refers to understanding oneself and being connected to something greater than you. Morman (2015) has described the term spirituality as an individuals' perception of beliefs that are greatly connected to how they relate to others and their general view towards life. Various theorists such as Vaughan (1991) have described spirituality as “a way through which human beings responds to Gods call to a relationship with himself”. Although the practice of spirituality may not be necessarily religious, it plays a big role in the holistic treatment of patients. Over the years, matters concerning religion and spirituality have been left out in the medical field. For instance, the spirituality of a patient was not recorded in the history of the patient. The spirituality of a patient should be considered as it influences the patient's worldview and this can be used to provide better healthcare (Puchalski, 2001). Puchalski (2001) asserts that understanding the spirituality of a patient has led to increased recovery times and reduced mortality rates.
The only reason to as why the spirituality of a patient has not been included in healthcare is because of the philosophical concepts of postmodernism and scientism. Scientism argues that we cannot accept anything to be real if its acquisition was not scientific. Postmodernism can be compared to relativism as it also rejects all statements of the rationality of science, and total knowledge and role of reason (Taylor &Taylor, 2014). These concepts have completely ignored spirituality as they do not leave space for pluralism and the acceptance of a wide range of practices and beliefs.
Answers to James Sire's Seven Questions
1 What is a prime reality?
This worldview questions the nature of reality and what is real in this world. It also seeks to find out whether there is any supernatural being. If there exists, what its look like. Personally, I believe in a supernatural being

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