Project Plan about Chronic Disease Health Promotion (Asthma) (Coursework Sample)
This is a project plan about Chronic Disease Health Promotion (asthma). It is a detailed project plan for an innovation in chronic disease health promotion, prevention or management in an Australian community setting (ie, a remote community or a suburban setting). Western Suburbs of Adelaide, South Australia.source..
Project Plan about Chronic Disease Health Promotion (Asthma)
Table of Contents
Purpose of Plan3
The Burden for the Disease of the Australian Population3
Asthma contributing factors4
The epidemiological findings of the disease5
Primary, secondary and tertiary consideration of this chronic disease7
Health promotion, prevention and management plan focused on the local community10
The perspective health outcomes for this project plan12
Project Plan about Chronic Disease Health Promotion (Asthma)
Purpose of the Project Plan
This project plan about chronic disease health promotion (Asthma) outlines the details of an innovation in chronic disease health promotion, prevention or management in western suburbs of Adelaide, South Australia. Over and above, this project plan intends to show how the entire process will improve health outcomes for the local community of Adelaide, South Australia.
This project will define the following:
* The burden for the disease of the Australian population
* The epidemiological findings of the disease
* Primary, secondary and tertiary consideration of this chronic disease
* Health promotion prevention and management plan focused on the local community of Adelaide, South Australia
* The perspective health outcomes for this project plan
The Burden for the Disease of the Australian Population
Asthma is a chronic disease associated with attacks that take place at unpredictable intervals. In this regard, it is evident that 55% of the total population in the local community of Adelaide, South Australia lives with asthma (Baker, Marks, Poulos & Williamson, 2004, p. 47). In order to diagnose an individual living with asthma in large populations, there is a need to have a record consistent asthma attributes (Baker, et al., 2004, p. 49). This is because asthma is present in individuals who recall their doctor saying that they are at risk. This is in addition, an account that they have shown symptoms of asthma or have been taking medication for asthma in duration of 12 months.
In fact, clinical diagnosis of asthma is in most cases triggered by indications for instance periodic short of breath, panting, and chest congestion as evident in the local community of Adelaide, South Australia. Periodical changeability of indications and a consistent family history of asthma and atopic disorder are also significant indicative leads. In fact, analyses of the extent of lung performance and in particular the changeability of lung performance anomalies help in coming up with effective diagnosis of patients living with asthma in Australia. Significantly, the lack of anomalous chest attributes or nonexistence of changeability does not leave out a diagnosis of asthma.
Infants and young children suffer from this disease in the Australian community. These infants and young children who cannot manage to use a spirometer or peak flow appropriately, a treatment attempt of beta2 can be used to help in the diagnosis (Partridge, & Hill, 2000, p. 344). For the objectives of this project plan, the gravity of asthma and management of this disease is a performance of the level of a personâ€™s responsiveness and tolerance to medication above the level of acuteness, extent of burden and threat to life (Partridge, 2000, p. 345).
Asthma Contributing Factors
Asthma as a chronic disease has a couple of factors that set off the burden of disease. These factors are applicable in the local community of Adelaide, South Australia and as well in other parts of the world. Over and above, they help in identifying individuals living with asthma. They include the following:
* Post-natal family smoking trend
* Smoking while pregnant
* General family historical accounts of asthma
* Exposure to disease causing agents at a tender age
* Pre-term births
* Reduced birth weight
* Job related exposure to asthma related irritants like paints
* Smoking of cigarettes
* Certain foods like nut
* Viral chest infection
* Exercises like strenuous exercises
* Sentiments like anger, depression and aggression
* Exposure to established allergens for instance pollen grains and dust
* Certain medicines like Aspirin and complementary tablets
* Food stabilizers for instance colourings
* Allergic stomach refluxes
The Epidemiological Findings of the Disease (Asthma)
Asthma in Australia is a significant health, community and financial burden for people and the entire community (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring, 2008). Asthma in Australia is a serious worry where global empirical studies in adults and children indicate that Australia has largest widespread rates globally (Sembajwe, Cifuentes, Tak, Kriebel, Gore, & Punnett, 2010, p. 281). The 2004-2005 and 2007-2008 National Health Surveys indicate that 1 in 10 locals in Australia report asthma as an existing problem as compared to 11% established in 2001 survey (Sembajwe et al., 2010, p. 283). In the year 2007-2008, asthma was extra widespread in women (11% as compared to 8% in males and amid people with the age of 15-24 and 75 year old men and women which affects 11% of the total population in these age groups (Sembajwe et al., 2010, p. 285). Asthma is additionally widespread in native Australians. In accordance with the 2004-2005 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS) 15% of native Australians indicated that they have asthma as a long lasting problem, which is 1.5 times the widespread disease on non-native individuals, subsequent to adjusting for age variance (Sembajwe et al., 2010, p. 286).
According to World Health Organization (2007) approximately 235 million individuals across the world live with asthma and about 250,000 individuals lost their lives annually as a result of asthma. In fact, poor countries comprise of about 80% of the death rates in the world. Over and above, the rate of asthma differs from nation to nation with prevalence altering from 1 to 18% (World Health Organization, 2007, p. 17). On the contrary, asthma is a widespread disease in an advanced nation as compared to a third world nation (Fanta, 2009, p. 1002). Owing to this fact, it is evident that nations in Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa have reduced rates of asthma burden (Lazarus, 2010, p. 756).
In advanced nations, asthma is extensively widespread amid individuals who are financially unstable while quite the opposite in third world nations it is widespread amid the wealthy (Anandan, Nurmatov, Schayck, Sheikh, 2010, p. 153). The cause for this disparity is not established. Bearing in mind that asthma is two times common in boys just like girls, acute asthma arises at equivalent levels (Bush, Menzies-Gow, 2009, p. 714). On the contrary, mature women have a greater risk of contacting asthma as compared to mature men (Bush, et al., 2009, p. 715). Over and above, asthma is additionally prevalent in the young than the old (Bush, et al., 2009, p. 719).
Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Consideration of this Chronic Disease
Research shows that, in the recent past, there are challenges in regard to primary consideration and prevention of asthma in the whole world. The main problem needs to be considered primarily to end the burden of asthma. Researchers normally work with a distinctive allergen and IgE-dependent responses. The decrease of exposure to aeroallergens decreases sensitization and, therefore, the advancement of medical indications (Gill, & Willcox, 2004, p. 21). In a study carried out in Australia, indicates that children with constant sensitivity to pneumo-allergens are additionally prone to contracting asthma (Gill, et al., 2004, p. 23). Owing to this reason, researchers indicate that there is a need to reduce the concentrations of ascarids in the first few months of life (Gill, et al., 2004, p. 26).
This primary intervention consideration is effective in reducing the reaction of pneumo-allergens. However, it does not alter the advancement with regard to asthma. Incidentally, an allergic reaction to pneumo-allergens links to asthma, but, this may not be the sole cause of asthma in children and adults, in the local community of Adelaide, South Australia. According to a National Health Survey in Australia, ABS (1998) prevention of asthma in children leads to the efficiency of getting rid of acarids.
In the present day, studies show that there is a steady progress in the information about the value of staying away from aeroallergens that trigger sensitization known to lead to asthma (Thomas, 2004, p. 34). This is as a result of the primary consideration of controlling this chronic disease, asthma. On the contrary, measures to stay away from aeroallergens are apparent. The main challenge in primary consideration is scheduling the strategies (Cancian, White, & Adamson, 2003, p. 45). Efficiency of primary consideration remains unsubstantial some of the elements that lead to asthma may cause different infections unrelated to asthma (Cancian, et al., 2003, p. 47). This, therefore, means that asthma may more or less still be caused by other elements not factored in primary considerations.
Primary consideration may not be effective; however, secondary consideration helps to manage patients with this chronic disease (Borg, Reid, Walters, Johns, 2004, p. 606). Secondary consideration plays a significant role in reducing the rates of asthma in both children and adults by reducing the indications in patients who have asthma. At this stage, reducing the burden of asthma in children and adults is by altering the tolerogenic exposure by controlling allergic diseases. This takes place at the same time as medical treatment and disti...
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