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Understanding the Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (Essay Sample)


After studying the course materials located on Module 4: Lecture Materials & Resources page, answer the following:
Description and bioethical analysis of:
Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis PGD
Surrogate motherhood
“Snowflake babies”
Artificial insemination
What is Natural Family Planning (NFP)?
Describe the 3 Primary ovulation symptoms.
Describe the 7 Secondary ovulation symptoms.
Describe various protocols and methods available today.
Describe some ways in which NFP is healthier than contraception.
Bioethical evaluation of NFP as a means and as an end.
Read and summarize ERD paragraphs #: 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 52.


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Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis PGD
PGD is a quality management procedure that is performed on early embryos in order to benefit married people and the babies they wish to have. It is carried out before the embryo is implanted or after embryo is created; we have an embryo that is living and will be examined for genetic characteristics. The genetic quality of a live human embryo will be examined. Quality control is used in the PGD process, and karyotyping is used to do so. It is possible that the PGD surgery compels God to provide another soul to the person who is about to be slain in a lab for his genetic data. An argument of logical consistency could indicate that as soon as the scientist extracts the totipotent blastomeric from the morula, there is a greater chance that we have a new person and there is no concern. As a result, PGD should not be carried out.
Surrogate Motherhood
Surrogacy is used when a mother is unable to carry the child for different reasons. If it is the case, the family will look for a lady to assist them in carrying and giving birth to their kid CITATION Van17 \l 1033 (Van den Akker, 2017). When the natural process of delivery and conception is tampered with, surrogate parenting raises ethical concerns. For instance, if the kid is born to a same-sex parent, the child's rights to have a father and mother may be rejected. The kid should, in many circumstances, have both a mother and a father. The topic of whose the mother at delivery has been highlighted by surrogate motherhood.
Snowflake Babies
This is the process of transferring IVF embryos to infertile or childless couples. The remaining fertilized embryos are transferred to a new parent who is not a cell donor in this process. As a result of this issue, the embryos may have to live in the lab for years and years, raising ethical difficulties. While it is maintained in the lab, the embryo is not dead. The embryos' survival may be jeopardized if they are kept for such a long time. Whether it is ethical to preserve embryos for such a long period if they die in unnatural ways in some cases emerges. Embryos are usually chosen in a lot of instances. Unclaimed embryos are frequently disposed of, which constitutes murder because the embryo still contains a soul.
Artificial Insemination
AI refers to the purposeful injection of sperm into a woman's cervix or uterus in order for her to get pregnant by means other than sexual intercourse.

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