Crime Theories (Essay Sample)
This is an essay that analyses one theory suggested to be the cause of digital crime and explains the theory as it relates to crime in general. It also describes why the theory chosen could be recognized as the most relevant in terms of being a cause of digital crime.source..
According to Holtfreter, Reisig, & Pratt (2008), there is an advancing field of evidence on what enables people to be exposed to issues of crime. On the other hand, a large number of intervention programs on criminal activities are founded on, at times or completely, one or two of theories suggested as the cause crime. Owing to this fact, still with putting focus on practical reactions, there is a need to understand the variety of theoretical accounts of crime and the scope they provide. This paper, intends to analyse self-control theory as a suggested cause of digital crime and further relate it to crime in general. The paper outlines why the theory chosen could be recognized as the most relevant in terms of being a cause of digital crime. The paper concludes with two examples of non-digital crimes that could be considered caused by this same theory.
Self-control is a theory that has been suggested to digital crime research. This theory was established by Travis Hirschi and Michael Gottfredson in the 1990s, A General Theory of Crime. It considers the causes of crime as an out of control action and that individuals respond to this coercion merely when they have a low self-control (Cullen & Agnew, 2006). In reference to their book, A General Theory of Crime, the authors illustrate the significant attributes that classify people with or lack of self-control (Hirschi, & Gottfredson, 1990). People with low-self control are irresponsible, insensible, material in place of mental, risk takers, thoughtless and non-verbal, and they will be inclined to take part in crime and corresponding actions (Hirschi, & Gottfredson, 1990). Individuals with attributes of low self-control are known to take part in abnormal actions since they desire to achieve burning fulfillment and pleasure. On the other hand, people with self control have the ability to slow down their burning fulfillment needs. These people are associated with certain positive attributes. These include the following. They are cautious, sentimental, vocal and thoughtful (...
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