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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Drones) (Essay Sample)


Research unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), also known as drones, and consider the applications of these devices for the support of different supply chains. Consider the implications of UAVs for business to business (b2b) and business to customer (b2c) transactions. Focus on one aspect of the usefulness of UAV technology and explain where it should be applied first. Discuss the pros and cons of the deployment of UAV technology in your chosen application. Essay format; not bullet format Minimum 4 full pages of content (Word document) of strategic material (does not include cover page, abstract, nor reference pages) All charts, graphs, pictures are to go in the appendix (not a substitute for content) Resources and citations are formatted according to APA (6th edition) style and formatting Refrain from excessive use of quotes in your response (less than 5%)


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Drones)
The idea of flying amid the sky has captivated humankind throughout history. However, it appears that man is progressively returning to earth and doing aviation-related jobs with two feet firmly planted on the ground. Aeronautics and aviation are doing something seemingly impossible: allowing planes to fly without a pilot. From the early days of ascending to the skies in awkward wooden and canvas gadgets to the current jetliners that carry millions of passengers worldwide, the field of aeronautics has seen a tornado of development. However, there have been significant attempts to develop UAVs that eliminate people from the equation during the last few decades. UAVs are advancing in their ability to provide delivery services for businesses. It is a form of aircraft controlled by 'pilots,' without onboard personnel or passengers. Like traditional aerial vehicles, they use aerodynamic forces for lift and may operate with varying degrees of autonomy: under remote direction by a human operator or autonomously by onboard computers (Jones et al., 2006).
Concerned people have discovered a slew of concerns with this sort of distribution method due to the development of this technology. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) comprises many subsystems, just like other complex systems. Other aerospace intelligence, communications, reconnaissance, and surveillance systems are familiar with the majority of the components. While the designs are improving, the performance of the UAS may not allow for new capabilities, barring places where specific subsystem parameters are reached and new roles or missions are conducted. As a result, this research investigates the uses and consequences of these drones and the benefits and drawbacks of their deployment.
Due to a labour shortage in the hyperlocal, eCommerce, and logistics industries, industry stakeholders and governments worldwide are exploring new drones to deliver essentials to customers and companies. The question is whether India is prepared to make this transition. Many nations, including Spain, South Korea, and China, have successfully used drone delivery services to bridge the supply chain's last-mile and first-mile delivery services in the wake of the coronavirus epidemic. Dhruvil Sanghvi, co-founder and CEO of LogiNext, said in a recent episode of Inc42's that the logistics business in India is looking at automation technologies for logistical fulfilment, both in the B2B and B2C space ( Amit 2020)
Also, industries have adapted as technology continues to flourish and play a more significant part in consumers' lives (Raj & Chirputkar, 2020). As a result of pervasive Internet connectivity, businesses have shifted away from brick and store to primarily online services. As a result of this transition, internet businesses save money on overhead expenditures such as rent and labour that come with running a physical store. While internet shops are more convenient, consumers must pay additional shipping and handling fees when purchasing products and services. Although technology has altered several businesses in the last decade, shipping and postage have stayed essentially untouched. (Amit 2020).
According to current research applications in the United States, drones have effectively replaced helicopters and aeroplanes, lowering logistics, prices, and statistical integrity. In an experiment comparing alternative techniques to counting animals, they employed Hodgson's mechanism to replicate this species. The discrepancy was caused by the number of pixels used to depict each bird, determined by the drone's height and camera resolution. The variation was how many images defined each bird, connected to the altitude the drone was airlifted and the camera's resolution. The information gathered as a result of this procedure was 100 percent accurate. Compared to computerized counts, which are time-consuming, this approach produced zero errors.
Another study by scientists from the Worldwide Wildlife Fund institute of Mamiraua found aerial film of dolphins in the Brazilian Amazon Basin's Juruá River. So far, the system has shown to be less expensive, more efficient, and more exact than counting canoes manually (Cozzens, 2018). Drones, for example, can assist scientists and managers in gathering data quickly enough to allow for early evaluation of the consequences of these changes ( Hodgson et al., 2018). Using drones to investigate marine mammals is incredibly handy in population estimates, cost efficiency, and animal safety.
Improved camera technology is inextricably linked to advancements in UAVs. As the resolution of photos provided by drone cameras improves, emergency response teams will depend on them to find and identify casualties. This efficiency might lead to a higher rate of victim survival. Drones may also be used to assess the consequences of a natural catastrophe, making it more straightforward for emergency responders to send emergency aid and humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable sections of the afflicted region. (Hiebert et al., 2020).
Lastly, UAVs have recently been used for different purposes. It has grown in popularity in both the business and private sectors. Several firms were developing drone technology to act as goods couriers. Some companies, such as Domino's, Amazon, and Zookal, have foreseen the use of drones to transport things such as books, pharmaceuticals, blood bags, food, and other items, subject to size, weight, height, and additional capacity constraints. Drone deliveries in the future will benefit both the corporation and the customers (Singireddy et al., 2018).
Drones help people work more efficiently. They are helpful for surveying, spying, and various other tasks instead of conducting things like an oversight. Since UAVs can get there better and quicker than other staff, resulting in higher production (Agrawal et al., 2020). Additionally, because drones handle all hard work, staff have more time to focus on their core responsibilities. Technology, like the tools we use, is changing. While it used to be hard to locate autonomous devices, UAVs are currently the most viable choice. One of its best aspects is operating them from a range. UAVs, unlike choppers, do not require piloting and only need minor control abilities.
Drones are far more practical. Take, for example, home delivery. A firm will require a vehicle, a chauffeur, and the items to transport in to perform domestic shipments. While everything may go perfectly, one must think about the period of a day, infrastructure, and a slew of other unforeseen issues. Furthermore, UAVs technology will change client standards for what can be under the provision. For instance, drones are already transporting anything from medication to cappuccino to customers in sites globally (Tang & Veelenturf, 2019). Using a drone for deliveries, on the other hand, is straightforward and convenient. Deliverables might be reduced from days to hours using a UAVs delivery platform. Customers might have supplied goods less than it requires to travel to the malls, which has significant implications for the actual shopping environment. The ultimate step will be the one-of-a-kind consumer experience that merchants can provide. Furthermore, drones have a financial impact. Because they can substitute some of the most challenging occupations, they will also generate job vacancies since some individuals will manage them.
In contrast, others will need to fix them, and still, others will need to ensure that procedures run correctly. UAVs will emerge helpful in practically every corporate function in the next few generations (Cohen & Jones, 2020). Drone technology is becoming increasingly prominent and overtaking existing technology in various fields, including agriculture and filmmaking.
Pros and cons
Drones have advantages and disadvantages all over the world. One advantage of drones and monitoring is that crime rates should decline significantly. "People who commit crimes are more likely to be detected. Hence crime will decrease. One might attach a speaker or microphone on the drone and talk through it, depending on the type of drone." Another advantage of drones is that they can see things that humans cannot, like folks requesting assistance or in peril. The average drone has a range of 10-15 miles, and with an ultra lens attached, it can see much further (Martinic, 2019).
Another advantage is that they will democratize internet access shortly. "More than half of the world's population lacks Internet connectivity, but Google's April acquisition of Titan Aerospace may bring millions more online. "Once the technology is honed in, Titan's 164-foot-wide solar-powered craft will soar at 65,000 feet, bringing new sections of the planet online," according to an early report. Drones can help expand wireless fiber optics (WiFi) capabilities, which will improve education in places where it is lacking. (Martinic, 2019).
UAVs can cover huge regions fast and be outfitted with instruments that create 3D photos. Construction workers can benefit from these dual purposes because they can utilize the effectively acquired data to create models at the outset of the project and analyze progress as it progresses. These factors can contribute to the construction of safer and more durable structures and make it more straightforward for a construction team to meet critical deadlines and budgets (Zaychenko et al., 2018).
However, the military's use of unmanned aircraft has had a significant influence on modern combat....

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