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China's One Child Policy Life Sciences Essay Paper (Essay Sample)


An essay on china's one child policy


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Assessing China’s One-child Policy
China's one-child policy was a nationwide birth control program by the People's Republic of China set up to control the size of its rapidly growing population. The policy got introduced in 1979 under the central government of Deng Xiaoping, a communist leader. Households which exceeded the birth quota of one child got penalized. The population had grown from 540 million to 970 million from 1946 to 1976 (Feng et al. 85). There was a need for the one-child policy to get set up to alleviate economic, social and social-environmental problems. This paper aims to highlight the success of the People's Republic of China one-child policy.
For around three decades, a generation of Chinese children was born and raised under this strict and stern policy. The immediate effect of the one-child policy was the drop in fertility rate as well as the birth rate after 1980 (Feng et al. 85). The difference between the birth rate and the death rate also declined. The policy had its impediments as well. Due to the preference of the male children, there was an increase in the number of abortions of the female fetus. Also, in 2016 it was determined the number of males was 33.59 million more than the number of females.
For analysis of China's one-child policy, there is a need to incorporate an analytical framework. An analytical framework is a conceptual framework that helps analyze a particular phenomenon; in this case, the one-child policy by China from 1979 to 2015. For the policy to work, China set up lucrative packages for families to adopt the policy. For example, for families with one child, they would receive child allowance until the child was aged 14.

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