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3 pages/≈825 words
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
Other (Not Listed)
English (U.S.)
MS Word
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The Critique Of Quantitative And Qualitative Research Methods In Critical Care Pharmacology (Other (Not Listed) Sample)


The task was to review two articles one in quantitative research and the other in qualitative research. The sample is about the critique of quantitative and qualitative research methods in critical care pharmacology.

Critical care pharmacology Name Professor Institution Course Date Critical care pharmacology Introduction This paper is concerned with a critique of quantitative and qualitative research methods in critical care pharmacology. The paper therefore, examines a system review of two peer journals that are relevant to nursing practice under critical care pharmacology. The qualitative research paper under review is “Patients and ICU nurses' perspectives of nonpharmacological interventions for pain management”, and the quantitative research study is “Fluconazole Population Pharmacokinetics and Dosing for Prevention and Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis in Children Supported with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation”. Therefore, the review of qualitative and quantitative research methods in nursing practice is aimed at analyzing the two research approaches and reflects their value in relation to validity and reliability of the methods and results. Quantitative Research The title of the quantitative research paper is concise and focuses on the pertinent aspects of the research study, as well as clearly illustrates the purpose of the research. However, to the less research savvy audience, the title does not indicate the type of research study that is applicable to their own learning or practice. The authors’ affiliations are provided, and they are all affiliated to critical care pharmacology institutions in the United States. This suggests that they have the required research skills and expertise to conduct such a study. Furthermore, the abstract provided is concise and provides an executive summary of the entire paper. The introduction and literature review are separated with unique subheadings, and accurately contextualizes the research problem. The importance of health and well being of children in relation to critical care pharmacology management fluconazole population pharmacokinetics and dosing for prevention and treatment of invasive candidiasis is well illustrated. However, the materials and methodology section does not clearly suggest the choice of quantitative research design, but rather focuses the study design, PK sample collection, analytic procedures, population PK analysis, model evaluation, and the assessment of dose exposure relationship. The authors did not clearly state the research questions or hypotheses being tested, but it is an experimental study within the quantitative research paradigm. The study included forty children with 367 PK samples, of which the results revealed that the fluconazole V was increased in children supported by ECMO. It implies that the data collection methods support the results of the experimental design, and therefore the conclusions are valid and reliable. The researchers did not indicate the ethical considerations, neither the limitations of the study. The results are well represented, as well as augmented by the use of tables, graphs, and statistical analysis tools used. It is imperative that the conclusions supports the results, however, the recommendations for future studies is not indicated. Qualitative Research The critique of the qualitative research method reveals that the offers the audience with a clear perspective of non-pharmacological interventions. The abstract is concise and clear in providing the background of the study being that pain is a key stressor for critically ill patients, as well as how to maximize pain relief using non-pharmacological interventions in an interesting way for the audience to explore further. The introduction and the literature review provide the readers with in-depth information to the topic under study, and therefore the authors achieve the objective by providing an objective account of the subject. The qualitative research conforms to the naturalistic paradigm founded the assumption that multiple realities occur, and are well constructed by the research participants. The authors’ qualifications are not indicated, however, the research title is unambiguous. The report is well written and has a consistent flow of information, as well as the statement of the phenomenon of pain management is well identified and consistent. The theoretical or conceptual framework is well identified and sufficiently described, and is appropriate to the objectives of the study. The research design is qualitative, and the method of data collection provides an adequate guide to philosophical approached used. The sampling method and sample sizes used are well identified, and is appropriate to the results, as well as the research participants being appropriate to the study objectives and informing the research. Therefore, the data collection strategies are clearly defined with ease of reading for the audience. However, the ethical considerations are not state...
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