3 pages/≈825 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Describe The Pathophysiology, Presentation, Assessment
THE RESEARCH PAPER DESCRIBES THE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, PRESENTATION, ASSESSMENT, AND TREATMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY CONDITION.
In the modern global community, lifestyle diseases and conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions have prevailed, causing significant morbidity and mortality. These conditions achieve high fatality rates since they cause extreme tissue and organ damage in the PD’s body. Diabetic retinopathy is a sight threatening condition. This complication is mostly associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Diabetes is a major cause of cardiovascular conditions, kidney diseases and limb amputations. According to the American Optometric Association (2015), increased blood sugar and blood pressure levels in DM patients’ causes massive damage on the light sensitive part of the eye. This can lead to partial or complete blindness on the PD.
Pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is the most prevalent micro-vascular condition and complication of DM around the globe. This condition is mainly caused by interference of fasting glucose, as well as hemoglobin A1C in the retinal blood capillaries. There are four major mechanisms within which DM utilizes in the development and prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy. These include; manifestation of microaneurysms, high pressure causing increased permeability of blood vessels, retinal capillaries occlusion and the proliferation of neovascular and fibrous tissue (NHS, 2016). In this regard, the process of Diabetic retinopathy development can be described as proliferative of non-proliferative.
Physical assessment and examination
It is difficult to diagnose Diabetic retinopathy in the early stages of DM since PDs are generally asymptomatic. However, keen assessment of the eyes in reference to proliferative and non proliferative development characteristics may lead to early diagnosis before major damage on the retina is achieved (Guariguata, Nolan, & Beagley, 2013). This can be achieved through examination of the eyes for microaneurysms. In advances levels of DM, PDs may stat experiencing mild blurred visions and distortions. Diagnosis of Diabetic retinopathy can be achieved based on the mechanism of disease development.
Non proliferative Diabetic retinopathy
This condition can be diagnosed through assessment and examination for the followin...
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