THE RESEARCH PAPER DESCRIBES THE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, PRESENTATION, ASSESSMENT, AND TREATMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY CONDITION.
In the modern global community, lifestyle diseases and conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions have prevailed, causing significant morbidity and mortality. These conditions achieve high fatality rates since they cause extreme tissue and organ damage in the PD’s body. Diabetic retinopathy is a sight threatening condition. This complication is mostly associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Diabetes is a major cause of cardiovascular conditions, kidney diseases and limb amputations. According to the American Optometric Association (2015), increased blood sugar and blood pressure levels in DM patients’ causes massive damage on the light sensitive part of the eye. This can lead to partial or complete blindness on the PD.
Pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is the most prevalent micro-vascular condition and complication of DM around the globe. This condition is mainly caused by interference of fasting glucose, as well as hemoglobin A1C in the retinal blood capillaries. There are four major mechanisms within which DM utilizes in the development and prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy. These include; manifestation of microaneurysms, high pressure causing increased permeability of blood vessels, retinal capillaries occlusion and the proliferation of neovascular and fibrous tissue (NHS, 2016).