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Bowel Cancer Screening in Australia Health, Medicine Thesis Writing (Thesis Sample)


Literature review on the topic


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Literature Review
The burden of bowel cancer in Australia, as is in the rest of the world has been increasing. Governments through community initiatives have attempted to solve the issue of increasing incidences of bowel cancer and allocating funds towards the related initiative. The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program in Australia was rolled out in 2006 with the aim of having screened all the Australians aged between 50 and 74 years by the year 2020 ADDIN CSL_CITATION {"citationItems":[{"id":"ITEM-1","itemData":{"DOI":"10.1071/HE15116","ISSN":"22011617","PMID":"27376437","abstract":"Issue addressed Screening for cancer of the cervix, breast and bowel can reduce morbidity and mortality. Low participation rates in cancer screening have been identified among migrant communities internationally. Attempting to improve low rates of cancer screening, the Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland developed a pilot Cancer Screening Education Program for breast, bowel and cervical cancer. This study determines the impact of education sessions on knowledge, attitudes and intentions to participate in screening for culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities living in Brisbane, Queensland. Methods Seven CALD groups (Arabic-speaking, Bosnian, South Asian (including Indian and Bhutanese), Samoan and Pacific Island, Spanish-speaking, Sudanese and Vietnamese) participated in a culturally-tailored cancer screening education pilot program that was developed using the Health Belief Model. A pre- and post-education evaluation session measured changes in knowledge, attitudes and intention related to breast, bowel and cervical cancer and screening. The evaluation focussed on perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness and the target population's beliefs about reducing risk by cancer screening. Results There were 159 participants in the three cancer screening education sessions. Overall participants' knowledge increased, some attitudes toward participation in cancer screening became more positive and intent to participate in future screening increased (n≤146). Conclusion These results indicate the importance of developing screening approaches that address the barriers to participation among CALD communities and that a culturally-tailored education program is effective in improving knowledge, attitudes about and intentions to participate in cancer screening. So what? It is important that culturally-tailored programs are developed in conjunction with communities to improve health outcomes.","author":[{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Cullerton","given":"Katherine","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Gallegos","given":"Danielle","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Ashley","given":"Ella","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Do","given":"Hong","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Voloschenko","given":"Anna","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"Lou","family":"Fleming","given":"Mary","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Ramsey","given":"Rebecca","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""},{"dropping-particle":"","family":"Gould","given":"Trish","non-dropping-particle":"","parse-names":false,"suffix":""}],"container-title":"Health Promotion Journal of Australia","id":"ITEM-1","issued":{"date-parts":[["2016"]]},"title":"Cancer screening education: Can it change knowledge and attitudes among culturally and linguistically diverse communities in Queensland, Australia?","type":"article-journal"},"uris":[""]}],"mendeley":{"formattedCitation":"(Cullerton et al. 2016)","plainTextFormattedCitation":"(Cullerton et al. 2016)","previouslyFormattedCitation":"(Cullerton et al., 2016)"},"properties":{"noteIndex":0},"schema":""}(Cullerton et al. 2016). The program is currently in its third phase has already achieved over 70% of its targeted population. The program has however experienced some challenges and problems along the over 10n years, which have led to interventions by the federal and territorial governments. This paper is an analysis of the program which aims at exploring the program from the perspective of the political process that led to its inception, the progress made in the last decade the program has been running, changes and impacts of the program to the identified health concern.

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