2 pages/≈550 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Alzheimer's Disease (Essay Sample)
Description of the disease, the symptoms, and how to treat it in a nut shellsource..
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Alzheimerâ€™s disease (AD) is a form of dementia, a disorder of the brain, usuallyÂ chronic, progressive and degenerative (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011). Clinically, theÂ diseaseÂ manifests itself throughÂ gradualÂ decline in both memory and impairment of areas of highÂ intellectualÂ functionÂ (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011). Further, abnormalÂ collectionÂ of amyloid protein plaques and neuritic plaques, which is the degeneration of axon and dendrites surrounding an amyloid core, are the key characteristics of the disease (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011). Other characteristicsÂ include; neurofibrially tangles (NFTs), depicted by twisted fibers inside the neuronsâ€™ cell bodies, loss of neurons, and amyloid angiopathy, described by the presence of amyloid deposits in the brain small blood vessels (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011).
The stages of the diseaseÂ aidÂ a lot in theÂ descriptionÂ and establishing of the symptoms. Similarly, there are different symptoms evinced in the different stages, categorized under theÂ domainÂ of cognitive, and behavior (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011). AD progresses throughÂ mild, moderate andÂ severeÂ stages, and inÂ mildÂ stage, the symptoms displayedÂ include; deficits inÂ recallÂ ofÂ recentÂ events and personal details, worsening ability to concentrate, andÂ evidentÂ declineÂ on cognitive ability. Moreover, there isÂ depressionÂ and withdrawal, and decrease in motivation, enthusiasm andÂ initiativeÂ (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011). In moderate stage, there is worsening of the language skills, increase in the inability to perform basic activities, and increase inÂ agitation, restlessness,Â aggressionÂ andÂ paranoidÂ behavior (Grossberg & Kamat, 2011).
Symptoms exhibited in theÂ severeÂ stage entails; inability to recognize people, loss of lan...
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